NC State Extension Publications

Introduction

Trade Name: Casoron Common Name: dichlobenil Formulation: 4G

Uses

Winter-applied preemergence control of annual and perennial broadleaf and grassy weeds in established field-grown woody ornamentals, nut and fruit trees, and noncropland areas. Provides postemergence control of certain cool-season perennials.

Amount of Active Ingredient Amount of Formulation Herbicide
4G
Per Acre 4 to 6 lb 100 to 150 lb
Per 1,000 sq. ft. 2.3 to 3.4 lb

Major Weeds Controlled

Postemergence control of most winter annual weeds and preemergence control of most spring-germinating annual weeds. Control of several perennial weeds including dandelion, field horsetail (Equisetum), Florida betony, red sorrel, fescue, orchardgrass. Temporary suppression of other perennials including yellow nutsedge, mugwort, quackgrass, and bindweed.

Florida betony rhizome and tubers

Casoron controls many herbaceous perennial weeds such as Florida betony

J. Neal  CC BY - 4.0

Major Weeds Not Controlled

Hemp dogbane, brambles and vetch are not controlled. Weeds germinating in mid- to late summer will not be controlled, in particular, late-germinating annual grasses.

For Best Results

Apply in fall before soil freezes. Irrigation or precipitation is necessary after treatment. Soil temperatures must be 55°F or less or rapid losses will occur.

Cautions and Precautions

Do not use on sandy soils. For perennial weed control, do not make surface application to areas cultivated during the fall or summer before application. Do not use for six months after planting rooted cuttings. Do not use in seedbeds, transplant or cutting beds, or greenhouses. Do not allow granules to lodge in foliage (especially conifer species) or to accumulate and contact trunk at or below the soil line. See the label for specific precautions for varieties / species of azalea, holly, and pine. Do not use on firs, hemlocks, and spruce. In research, potentilla, viburnum, and lilac were injured when dichlobenil was applied before one full season of growth. See label for additional precautions.

Residual Activity

At the rates labeled for use in nursery stock, residual control will last into early summer. Mulch atop the herbicide will extend the length of residual control. Cultivation in late spring will reduce the residual control. Higher rates will provide longer residuals, but crops may be injured.

Volatility and Leaching Potential

Highly volatile. Do not use in enclosed. In fine-textured soils, the leaching potential is low. In coarse-textured soils, leaching potential is moderate. Dichlobenil can move down a slope. Whether this occurs by mass action movement of granules or leaching of the active ingredient is unclear.

Symptoms and Mode of Action

Acts primarily on growing points and root tips. Upward translocation is rapid. Cellulose biosynthesis inhibition stops or reduces growth of meristems (growing points). Crop injury symptoms include delayed bud break, general reduction in vigor, and marginal chlorosis and "scorching" of the leaves. HRAC Group L; WSSA Group 20.

Additional Information

Worker Protection Standards REI: 12 hours
PPE: coveralls, chemical resistant gloves, shoes plus socks
Manufacturer: Chemtura EPA Reg. # 400-168

Author:

Professor of Weed Science and Extension Specialist
Horticultural Science

Publication date: Nov. 19, 2014

North Carolina State University and North Carolina A&T State University commit themselves to positive action to secure equal opportunity regardless of race, color, creed, national origin, religion, sex, age, veteran status or disability. In addition, the two Universities welcome all persons without regard to sexual orientation.