NC State Extension Publications

Description and Biology

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Cranberry rootworm beetles, Rhadopterus picipes, are small (about 1/5 inch long) and shiny brown. The immature stages, cranberry rootworms, are small, yellowish-white, slightly curved grubs with light brown heads and short legs. These rootworms overwinter in the soil. They pupate in April and May, and the new adults emerge in early June and are active until the end of July. After feeding for about two weeks, the beetles mate and females move under leaf litter to lay eggs. The adults are interesting in that they feed at night mostly on the new growth of various shrubs in the landscape. They chew characteristic narrow, straight or crescent-shaped holes. Females lay up to 150 eggs in clusters of 12 to 102 under leaf litter on the soil surface in July. After hatching 9 to 11 days later, the tiny young grubs dig down and start feeding on roots. Feeding lasts until October at which time the grubs are about 5/16 inch long. We have one generation per year in North Carolina.

Cranberry rootworm beetles

Cranberry rootworm beetles are small and easily overlooked as they hide during the day.

Cranberry rootworm beetle damage

Cranberry rootworm beetles feed on the lower leaf surface at night.

Cranberry rootworm beetle damage to unknown plant

Holes caused by cranberry rootworm beetles may grow larger as a leaf expands.

Host Plants

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Cranberry rootworm beetles feed on the new growth of camellia, photinia, rhododendron, and other shrubs and trees in the landscape as well as the foliage and fruit of cranberries. The small rootworms feed on the bark of roots of blueberry, cranberry and probably other plants as well. The grubs are rarely reported in North Carolina. Magnolia, hollies, oaks, rose, silver maple, sycamore, sumac, sassafras, and Virginia creeper are also fed upon.

Residential Recommendations

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Sevin or another insecticide labeled for residential landscape use should give more than adequate control of cranberry rootworm beetles. Most big box stores and garden centers carry a number of pesticides from which to choose. Only the new growth needs to be treated. Fortunately, insect populations vary in abundance from year to year and in place to place so that most years it may not be necessary to treat for cranberry rootworms at all. Oliver and Chapin (1980) found that removing leaf litter reduced feeding by cranberry rootworm beetles perhaps because there was less suitable refuge for the beetles during the day.

References

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For assistance with a specific problem, contact your local Cooperative Extension Center.

This Factsheet has not been peer reviewed.

Author

Professor Emeritus
Entomology and Plant Pathology

Publication date: Jan. 20, 2018
Revised: Sept. 12, 2019

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