Oldfield toadflax (Nuttallanthus canadensis) is also known as common or blue toadflax. It is a winter annual or biennial weed that is commonly found blooming in the spring in fields and roadsides. Oldfield toadflax is most often found in the Piedmont and Coastal Plain of North Carolina. The plant can flower from early spring (most common) to late fall (less common) - depending on growing conditions. The small blue flowers have three lobes and basal spurs. The leaves are small, bright green and linear. Small clumps of leaves will form in early spring, and the blue flowers will appear on long green stems shortly thereafter.
Proper turf management is important for biennial broadleaf weed control. Maintain a dense, actively growing turf through proper mowing, fertilizing, and watering practices. Mow at the proper height for your selected adapted turfgrass. Coring and traffic control reduce compaction and encourage desirable turfgrass competition. It is best to control this biennial broadleaf weed in spring or fall, if actively growing at these times.
|Herbicide and Formulation||Amount of Formulation per 1,000 sq ft||Amount of Formulation per Acre||Pounds Active Ingredient per Acre|
|Preemergence and Postemergence Control|
|mesotrione, MOA 27 (4 SC)||0.092 to 0.183 fl oz||4 to 8 fl oz||0.125 to 0.25|
|Precaution and Remarks: Use on residential turf, golf courses (not greens) and sod farms for pre- and postemergence weed control. Tolerant turfgrasses include St. Augustinegrass, centipedegrass, tall fescue, fine fescue, Kentucky bluegrass, and perennial ryegrass. Add a nonionic surfactant and repeat application after 2 to 3 weeks for improved postemergence control. Tank mix with prodiamine 65 WG for extended preemergence grassy weed control. Can be applied at seeding to all tolerant grasses except fine fescue. After turf germination, wait 4 weeks or until turf has been mowed twice before making a postemergence application. Also controls henbit, chickweed, dandelion, white clover, Florida betony, Florida pusley, ground ivy, oxalis, wild violet, creeping bentgrass, and yellow nutsedge.|
|[sulfentrazone + prodiamine], MOA 14 + 3 (4 SC) (Echelon)||0.184 to 0.826 fl oz||0.5 to 2.25 pt||0.25 to 1.125|
|Precaution and Remarks: For use in residential and institutional lawns, athletic fields, sod farms, golf course fairways and roughs, roadsides, utility right-of-ways, railways, and industrial areas. Apply to turf following a second mowing if a good root system has been established. Apply up to 12 fluid ounces per acre to bentgrass at 0.5 inch or higher, fine fescue, and perennial ryegrass. Apply 18 to 24 fluid ounces per acre to perennial bluegrass, tall fescue, and all warm season grasses except St. Augustinegrass (do not apply) and bermudagrass (apply 18 to 36 fluid ounces per acre). For sod production, apply 6 months after establishment, and do not harvest within 3 months. Do not apply with adjuvants or surfactants. [Sulfentrazone + prodiamine should not be applied to cool-season turf with N-containing fertilizers unless some short-term discoloration is tolerable.|
- GROWTH SEASON / LIFE CYCLE
- winter annual weed or biennial weed
- GROWTH HABIT
- LEAFLET NUMBER
- LEAF MARGIN
- LEAF HAIRS
- LEAF / LEAFLET SHAPE
- linear / oblong
- LEAF WIDTH
- <1/2 inch
- <1/2 inch
- LEAF ARRANGEMENT
- FLOWER COLOR
Publication date: Nov. 27, 2017
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