NC State Extension Publications

Apples

Long term project - Trees will bear fruit within 3-6 years depending on rootstock, with the dwarfing rootstocks bearing fruit earlier. Breakeven will require 7-12+ years

Cost of Establishment

  • 210-518 trees/acre – Approx. $2-7,000/acre
  • Dwarf trees will require a support system
  • Pay back will range from 7-12 years depending on tree density and variety planted

Advantages - Perennial crop, many markets for both fresh and processed product, can store fruit for several months, potential for significant profit

Challenges - Perennial crop, will require extensive pest management program, Spring frost/freeze crop damage

Potential Varieties - Ginger Gold, Gala, Red Delicious, Golden Delicious, Empire, SunCrisp, Stayman(?), Mutsu-Crispin, Rome, Fuji – early and late, GoldRush Pink Lady and possibly heirloom or antique varieties

Peaches

Long term project - Trees will bear fruit within 3 years. Breakeven will require 7-8 years.

Cost of Establishment - 121 trees/acre – Approx. $1,000/acre. Irrigation is highly encouraged.

Advantages - Perennial crop, many markets for fresh product, high demand for tree ripened peaches potential for significant profit

Challenges - Perennial crop, will require extensive pest management program, Spring frost/freeze crop damage, peach tree short life potential in light, sandier soils (Guardian rootstock required)

Potential Varieties - Candor, Clayton, Redhaven, Challenger, Carolina Belle (w), Intrepid, Norman, Winblo, Contender, China Pearl (w), Biscoe, Carolina Gold, Jefferson - (previous ones listed in order of ripening); Peento peaches (Saturn or Galactica)

Pecans

Very Long term project - Trees will bear fruit within 5-8 years. Breakeven will require 20-22 years.

Cost of Establishment - 35 trees/acre – Approx. $1,000/acre thinned to 8-9 trees/acre at maturity (20-25 years)

Advantages - Perennial crop, many markets for local product, can store for several months, minimal input initially

Challenges - Perennial crop, very long period of establishment and pay back, will require some pest management practices,

Potential Varieties

  • Type I – Cape Fear, Pawnee
  • Type II – Stuart, Forkert, Sumner, Gloria Grande, Elliott, Chickasaw, Kiowa

Author:

Extension Horticulture Specialist and Associate Professor (Tree Fruits/Pecans)
Horticultural Science

Publication date: Nov. 19, 2015

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