Figure 13–22. Cleft grafting. A) Split the branch of the rootstock to be grafted with a 2-inch vertical cut. B) Prepare two scion pieces 3 to 5 inches long with wedge-shaped ends. C) and D) Insert the scions into the outer edges of the stock. E) Make sure the cambial layers of the scion and stock touch. F) Cover all cut surfaces with grafting wax.