NC State Extension Publications

Description and Biology

Skip to Description and Biology

About 125 species of the beetle family Phalacridae in North America are called shining flower beetles. They breed in flowers and are thereby minor pests of flowering plants. The tiny adults are 1/32 to 3/32 inch long, and are dark, shining beetles that are sometimes quite common on goldenrod and other composites. They are oval to almost round in top view and strongly convex in side view. The antennae have eleven segments that end in a small club. These beetles readily drop from the flowers when disturbed. The tiny grubs of some species are oval in top view, somewhat flattened, and have a pair of tiny spurs at the rear. Shining flower beetle grubs have short antennae, well developed legs, and two to five simple eyes on each side of the head. Grubs of other species are four times longer than wide and grow to 3/16 inch long. The abdomen is distinctly segmented and the very short ninth segment has two, tiny, upturned spurs. They chew through flower buds and seeds as they molt and grow in flower heads. Even though the grubs bore through buds and even seed pods, they seem to feed only on plant juice. It is likely many shining flower beetles have one generation a year, timed to coincide with the flowering of their favorite composite. In fall, grubs fall from the plant and tunnel into the soil, where they spend the winter. They pupate the following spring or summer and new adults emerge to infest their host flowers. Many shining flower beetles are pollen-feeders, but others feed on fungi. The fungus-feeding shining flower beetles are even considered pests because they are associated with ergot, smuts, and molds. Shining flower beetles have been collected in June and July in North Carolina.

Shining flower beetles on flowers

Shining flower beetles spend most of their development in flowers.

A mating pair of shining flower beetles

After mating, female shining flower beetles lay their eggs in flowers.

Host Plants

Skip to Host Plants

Shining flower beetles breed in flowers, especially composites such as goldenrod. These beetles have also been collected on holly foliage and Acacia flowers and seed pods.

Shining flower beetles on goldenrod

Sometimes shining flower beetles can be quite abundant on goldenrod.

Residential Recommedations

Skip to Residential Recommedations

If the shining flower beetles become abundant enough to be considered pests, their control poses a problem because the flowers they infest are also visited by important pollinators. If one decides to spray, do so early in the morning or late in the evening to avoid killing bees (honey bees and native bees such as bumble bees, digger bees, sweat bees, etc.). Because fluvalinate is also labeled for mite control inside bee hives, it is likely that the dry spray residue of that pyrethroid is not particularly toxic to honey bees. Pyrethrum is a second choice for shining flower beetle suppression because it has such a short residual life after it dries on plants.

Other Resources

Skip to Other Resources

For assistance with a specific problem, contact your local Cooperative Extension Center.

This Factsheet has not been peer reviewed.


Professor Emeritus
Entomology & Plant Pathology

Find more information at the following NC State Extension websites:

Publication date: June 26, 2020
Revised: June 29, 2020

Recommendations for the use of agricultural chemicals are included in this publication as a convenience to the reader. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in this publication does not imply endorsement by NC State University or N.C. A&T State University nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. Individuals who use agricultural chemicals are responsible for ensuring that the intended use complies with current regulations and conforms to the product label. Be sure to obtain current information about usage regulations and examine a current product label before applying any chemical. For assistance, contact your local N.C. Cooperative Extension county center.

N.C. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment regardless of age, color, disability, family and marital status, gender identity, national origin, political beliefs, race, religion, sex (including pregnancy), sexual orientation and veteran status.