NC Cooperative Extension Resources

Recommendations

These recommendations apply only to North Carolina. They may not be appropriate for conditions in other states and may not comply with laws and regulations outside of North Carolina. Unless otherwise noted, these recommendations were current as of November 2015. Individuals who use agricultural chemicals are responsible for ensuring that the intended use complies with current regulations and conforms to the product label. Be sure to obtain current information about usage regulations and examine a current product label before applying any chemical. For assistance, contact your county Cooperative Extension Service agent. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in the publication does not imply endorsement by the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned.

Printed Manual

Copies of the current manual are available at the following rates, including postage and handling:

1–4 copies $24 each
5–19 copies $21 each
20 or more copies $20 each

To order copies of the printed version of this manual, contact CALS Communications at extension_publications@ncsu.edu.

Useful Phone Numbers

Carolinas Poison Center
800-222-1222
PO Box 32861, Charlotte, NC 28232-2861
Carolinas Poison Center can give advice on diagnosis and treatment of human illness resulting from toxic substances.

Chemical Transportation Emergency Center (CHEMTREC)
800-262-8200
CHEMTREC offers 24-hour information and help to aid in responding to emergencies involving hazardous chemicals.

National Pesticide Information Center
800-858-7378
NPTN provides information by phone about pesticides Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 6 p.m., Central Time.

Pesticide Disposal Assistance Program
919-733-3556 (Raleigh, NC)
PDAP gives information in disposal of unwanted pesticides.

Misuse of Pesticides

It is illegal to use any pesticide in a manner not permitted by its labeling. All recommendations for pesticide use included in this manual were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by actions of state and federal regulatory agencies.

Table of Contents

ABBREVIATIONS

I. PESTICIDE USE AND SAFETY INFORMATION

Restricted Use Pesticides; Local Need - 24(c) Registrations in North Carolina; The Safe Use of Pesticides

II. CHEMICAL APPLICATION EQUIPMENT

Introduction; Types of Equipment; Cleaning Equipment; Calibrating Chemical Application Equipment; Useful Tables and Data

III. HOW TO SEND SPECIMENS FOR DISEASE, INSECT, AND WEED IDENTIFICATION

How to Send Specimans; Plant Disease and Insect Clinic; What to Sample and How to Ship; Disease Sample Submission and Instructions; Insect Identification; Plant and Weed Identification; Soil Testing, Nematode Assay, Plant Tissue Nutrient Testing, Waste and Solution Analysis

IV. FERTILIZER USE

Lime and Fertilizer Suggestions for Field, Pasture, and Hay Crops; Tree Fruit; Small Fruit; Lawns; Ornamental Plants in Landscapes; Nursery Crops; and Vegetable Crops
Fertilizer Rules and Regulations; Nutrient Content of Fertilizer Materials; Solubility of Selected Fertilizer Materials; Mixing Herbicides With Nitrogen Solutions or Fluid Fertilizers; How to Test Compatibility of Herbicides with Fluid Fertilizers; Fertilizer Placement, Livestock & Poultry Manure Production Rates and Nutrient Content; Beneficial Use of Municipal Biosolids; Certified Organic Farm Management Alternatives

V. INSECT CONTROL

Agricultural Uses (see also pest information from NCCES)

Relative Toxicity of Pesticides to Honey Bees; Reducing the Risk of Pesticide Poisoning to Honey Bees; Insect Control in Field Corn; Grain Sorghum; Small Grains; and Cotton
Cotton Insect Resistance Management
Insect Control in Peanuts; Soybeans; Flue-Cured and Burley Tobacco; Commercial Vegetables; and Greenhouse Vegetables
Insect Control for Livestock and Poultry; Industrial and Household Pests; Arthropod Management for Ornamental Plants Grown in Greenhouses; and Ornamental Plants Grown in Nurseries or Landscapes
Arthropod Control on Christmas Trees; Commercial Turf Insect Control; Insect Control for Wood and Wood Products; Insect Control for the Home Vegetable Garden; Control of Household Pests; Insect Control for Home Lawns

VI. INSECT AND DISEASE CONTROL OF FRUITS

Apple Spray Program; Blueberry Management Program; Caneberry Management Program; Bunch Grape Management Program; Muscadine Grape Management Program; Peach and Nectarine Spray Guide; Nematode Control on Peaches; Strawberry Disease Control; Strawberry Insect Management

VII. CHEMICAL WEED CONTROL

Chemical Weed Control in Field Corn; Cotton; Peanuts; Sorghum; Soybeans; Sunflowers; Tobacco; and Wheat, Barley, Oats, Rye, and Triticale
Glyphosate Formulations; Herbicide Resistance Management; Herbicide Modes of Action for Hay Crops, Pastures, Lawns and Turf
Chemical Weed Control in Clary Sage; Small Fruit Crops; Hay Crops and Pastures; Lawns and Turf; Ornamentals; Vegetable Crops; and Forest Stands
Forest Site Preparation, Stand Conversion, Timber Stand Improvement; Aquatic Weed Control; Biological Control of Aquatic Weeds with Triploid Grass Carp; Chemical Control of Aquatic Plants; Pond Dyes; Chemical Control of Specific Weeds; and Woody Plants
Total Vegetation Control on Noncropland

VIII. PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS

Growth Regulators for Cotton; Guide for Use of Defoliants on Cotton; Harvest Aids and Preharvest Dessicants; Growth-Regulating Chemicals for Apples
Growth Regulators for Floriculture Crops in Greenhouses; and Woody Ornamental Crops
Sucker Control for Flue-Cured Tobacco; Yellowing Agents for Flue-Cured Tobacco; Sucker Control in Burley Tobacco
Growth Regulators for Fruiting Vegetables; Peanuts; and Turfgrasses

IX. ANIMAL DAMAGE CONTROL

Animal Damage Control; Description of Potential Animal Pests; Animal Control Suggestions; Rodenticides; Fish Control

X. DISEASE CONTROL

Foliar Fungicides for Wheat Leaf Disease Control; Seed Treatment for Wheat Foliar Disease Control; Nematode Control in Corn; Fungicides for Control of Corn Foliar Diseases; Nematode Control on Cotton; Peanut Disease Control; Peanut Disease Management Calendar; Soybean Disease Control; Tobacco Disease Control; Turfgrass Disease Control; Nematicides for Turf; Floral, Nursery, and Landscape Diseases; Disease Control for Forest, Christmas, and Ornamental Trees; Commerical Landscape and Nursery Crops Disease Control; Disease Control for Commerical Vegetables

Author:

North Carolina State University

North Carolina State University and North Carolina A&T State University commit themselves to positive action to secure equal opportunity regardless of race, color, creed, national origin, religion, sex, age, veteran status or disability. In addition, the two Universities welcome all persons without regard to sexual orientation.

Publication date: Dec. 1, 2015

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