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Alternaria black spot occurs in fields where strawberry fruit have been damaged by hail, excess mite injury, natural cracking, or other physical or biological sources of wounding. Injured strawberry fruit is colonized by Alternaria species, probably Alternaria alternata. Lesions are filled with a black mold that have a greenish hue when viewed with reflected light. However, this is considered a secondary infection i.e. the fungus does not cause direct injury but grows on injured fruit. Thus, the problem does not spread or become a major problem and management recommendations are not needed. It is important to discern this problem and be able to differentiate it from Anthracnose fruit rot, which is a serious problem. See Anthracnose Fruit Rot of Strawberry.

Alternaria

Figure SS-1: Alternaria black spot on strawberry showing lesion in fruit colonized by the black mold that also has a greenish hue.

Frank J. Louws

Alternaria

Figure SS-2: Alternaria black spot on strawberry showing lesions on fruit colonized by Alternaria alternata with a dark black moldy appearance.

Frank J. Louws

Authors

Director NSF Center for IPM
Professor Plant Pathology
Extension Specialist
Entomology and Plant Pathology

Publication date: July 29, 2014
Revised: Aug. 19, 2019

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