NC State Extension Publications

Problem

Nutritional disorder – Iron Deficiency

Symptoms

Iron (Fe) deficiency does not readily occur under field conditions. To better catalog this deficiency, we induced Fe stress under a controlled greenhouse study.

In NC State University trials, interveinal chlorosis (yellowing) developed on the youngest leaves (Figure 1 and Figure 2). Over time the chlorotic areas became more pronounced.

(Descriptions based on the book, Hunger Signs of Crops, 3rd Edition, edited by H.B. Sprague.) Under controlled greenhouse conditions, tobacco plants are stunted when Fe is limited. The upper foliage of the plant develops an interveinal chlorosis, initially as a pale green, then progresses to a yellow and finally bleached appearance (Figure 1). The progression of the symptomology can help diagnose the problem as the symptoms will progress as the starvation of Fe progresses. Advanced symptoms are viewable in Figure 3, with the plant on the right.

Iron deficiency develops at an interveinal chlorosis on the uppe

Figure 1. The initial symptoms of iron deficiency develops at an interveinal chlorosis on the upper leaves.

©2017 Forensic Floriculture

The interveinal chlorosis becomes more pronounce over time

Figure 2. As symptoms progress, the interveinal chlorosis becomes more pronounced.

©2017 Forensic Floriculture

Figure 3. Advanced Fe deficiency (right).

Figure 3. Advanced Fe deficiency (right) as compared to the complete control on left..

©2017 Forensic Floriculture

Similar Problems

Symptoms appear to be similar to when magnesium is limited, but magnesium deficiency symptoms develop on the lower leaves. The location of the yellowing and interveinal chlorosis can help diagnose between Fe (top) and Mg (lower). Submit a tissue sample for analysis to help diagnose the problem.

Additional Information

Iron is required is very low concentrations, so deficiencies under field conditions is unlikely.

Diagnostic Tips

The sufficiency range for Iron is between 50 and 300 ppm for burley tobacco. A slight refinement of the range is available for flue cured tobacco, with 50 and 300 ppm Fe being recommended from planting until maturity, and a lower range of 40 to 200 ppm recommended at harvest for the upper, middle, and lower leaves.

Corrective Measures

Provide Fe with your fertilization program.

Management

Provide Fe with your fertilization program.

Useful Resources

Links to Flue-Cured Tobacco Information and Burley and Dark Tobacco Production Guides

Tobacco Growers Information

Key Contact

Dr. Matthew Vann
Assistant Professor & Tobacco Extension Specialist Crop Science
matthew_vann@ncsu.edu

Funding Source

Funding was provided in part by the North Carolina Tobacco Foundation.

Project Team

Josh Henry (NC State M.S. student in Horticultural Science), Paul Cockson (NC State B.S. student in Agroecology), Ingram McCall (Research Technician in Horticultural Science), Rhonda Conlon (Extension IT at NC State), Matthew Vann (Tobacco Extension Specialist, Dept. of Crop and Soil Sciences), and Brian Whipker (Professor of Floriculture and Plant Nutrition in Horticultural Science).

Authors:

Assistant Professor & Tobacco Extension Specialist
Crop and Soil Sciences
Graduate Student
Horticultural Science
Undergraduate Researcher
Horticultural Science
Professor: Commercial Floriculture Production
Horticultural Science

Publication date: Jan. 1, 2017

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