NC State Extension Publications

Problem:

Nutritional disorder – Zinc Deficiency

Symptoms:

Unlike the macronutrients, micronutrient deficiencies are rare. Zinc (Zn) deficiency has not been reported under field conditions. Most of the time, the soil will have enough micros to supplement any gaps in the chosen fertilizer plan. To present a more robust set of data, we induced Zn deficiency under controlled greenhouse studies for accurate diagnosis if the problem should arise.

In NC State University trials, ornamental tobacco developed a silver cast to the leaves as the initial symptom of zinc deficiency.

(Descriptions based on the book, Hunger Signs of Crops, 3rd Edition, edited by H.B. Sprague.) Under controlled greenhouse conditions, tobacco plants are stunted when Zn is limited. The middle to lower foliage of the plant develops a chlorotic leaf spot which (Fig. 1) can later turn necrotic. These chlorotic spots can take on a metallic appearance, and will eventually become larger if the deficiency is not treated.

Initial symptoms of zinc deficiency on ornamental tobacco.

Figure 1. Initial symptoms of zinc deficiency on ornamental tobacco with a silvery coloration.

©2017 Forensic Floriculture

Zinc deficiency of ornamental tobacco.

Figure 2. Zinc deficiency of ornamental tobacco.

©2017 Forensic Floriculture

Similar Problems:

Symptoms appear to be similar to when phosphorus is limited. Submit a tissue sample for analysis to help diagnose the problem.

Additional Information:

Zinc is required is very low concentrations, so deficiencies under field conditions is unlikely. First try and diagnose the problem with the symptomology of the macronutrients in mind. If none of the macros seem to fit the symptomology being exhibited by the plant, submit a tissue sample or contact your local extension office.

Diagnostic Tips:

The sufficiency range for Zn is between 20 and 60 ppm for burley tobacco. A slight refinement of the range is available for flue cured tobacco, with 20 and 60 ppm Zn being recommended from planting until maturity, and a lower range of 18 to 60 ppm recommended at harvest for the upper, middle, and lower leaves.

Corrective Measures:

Provide Zn with your fertilization program.

Management:

Provide Zn with your fertilization program.

Useful Resources:

Links to Flue-Cured Tobacco Information and Burley and Dark Tobacco Production Guides

Tobacco Growers Information

Key Contact:

Dr. Matthew Vann

Assistant Professor & Tobacco Extension Specialist Crop Science

matthew_vann@ncsu.edu

Funding Source:

Funding was provided in part by the North Carolina Tobacco Foundation.

Project Team:

Josh Henry (NC State M.S. student in Horticultural Science), Paul Cockson (NC State B.S. student in Agroecology), Ingram McCall (Research Technician in Horticultural Science), Rhonda Conlon (Extension IT at NC State), Matthew Vann (Tobacco Extension Specialist, Dept. of Crop and Soil Sciences), and Brian Whipker (Professor of Floriculture and Plant Nutrition in Horticultural Science).

Authors:

Assistant Professor & Tobacco Extension Specialist
Crop and Soil Sciences
Graduate Student
Horticultural Science
Undergraduate Researcher
Horticultural Science
Professor: Commercial Floriculture Production
Horticultural Science

Publication date: Jan. 1, 2017

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