Younger leaves initially develop a yellow coloration. Leaves can also develop a fine netted appearance between the veins, which over time become more pronounced. With severe deficiencies the interveinal areas can develop necrosis.
Fruit size is also smaller.
Because symptoms can occur due to many possible causes, it is important to determine the actual cause. Tissue testing will help identify any nutritional disorders. Nutrient deficiencies usually take weeks to develop.
Take a soil sample to determine if nutrient levels are inadequate. Submit a leaf sample for nutrient analysis. The sufficiency range for manganese in strawberries is between 30 and 300 ppm. Some references recommend a narrower range of 50 to 200 ppm or 30 to 100 ppm. Values below 25 to 35 ppm are considered deficient and above 350 ppm are considered excessive.
Take a soil and tissue test to determine nutrient levels. Make adjustments based on those test results and the lab’s recommendations.
Conduct a soil test prior to planting the crop to determine if pre-plant fertilizer applications are required. Fertilizer can also be injected to the crop during active growth. Recommendations vary by soil type and your location, so check with local resources for guidelines.
Funding was provided in part by the National Sustainable Agriculture Program: Sustainable Strawberry Initiative and the following sources.
A thank you is also expressed to Kube Pak of Allentown, New Jersey for donating strawberry plants.
Publication date: April 24, 2014
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