Nearly all caneberry cultivars are “self-fruitful.” This means that self-pollination or pollination by the same cultivar will result in the development of fruit. Caneberries can be wind or insect pollinated. Insect pollination, particularly by bees, can improve fruit size and set. Commercial growers should consider placing one or two hives of honeybees per acre. The hives should be grouped into units of five or ten hives per location.
The time from flowering to fruit harvest can vary significantly for both blackberries and raspberries. Keep records of peak bloom and harvest each year to help manage your harvest. See Table 12-1 for an example with blackberries. Over time, you should be able to estimate when the harvest will start, peak, and end. Simply record the dates that you observe at the stages of development from flowering through fruiting on three or more fruit. We suggest flagging the fruit with colored tape and returning to the same fruit each week to observe and record changes (See Figure 12-1.) Flagging three or more fruit ensures that you will have fruit by the end of the season to observe because fruit can be lost from accidental picking or other mishaps. It would be helpful to print out a copy of Table 12-2 to use as a record for each cultivar.
|50% bloom||2 May||8 May||29 April||7 May||6 May|
|Peak fruiting||26 June||6 July||17 June||1 July||29 June|
|Number of days||55||59||49||55||54|
Clark, John R. 2013. "‘Osage’ Thornless Blackberry." Horticultural Science 48, no. 7: 909-912.
|Stage||Flower 1||Flower 2||Flower 3||Comments|
As the fruit ripens, it grows in size and weight. The color changes from green to red to black. Blackberries need 45 to 60 days to mature after they are pollinated.
Flavor and sugars increase as the fruit grows in size and weight. Color changes from green to light red to red. Raspberries mature approximately 30 days after they are pollinated. Ripe fruit separates from the plant, which leaves the torus (or core) attached to the plant. About 85% of the fruit size is gained in the last days of maturation. Development at this time depends on adequate supplies of carbohydrates and water. Any limitation will adversely affect fruit size.
Publication date: Feb. 23, 2023
Other Publications in Southeast Regional Caneberry Production Guide
- Site Selection
- Site Preparation, Planting, and Establishment
- Plant Growth
- Pruning and Training
- Trellis Systems
- Tunnel Production
- Water Management
- Integrated Pest Management and Pollination
- Fertility Management
- Fruit Development
- Harvesting and Postharvest Management
- Food Safety Considerations for Caneberry Production
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