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Land Ownership, Liability, and the Law in North Carolina

By: Ted Feitshans, Robert Bardon, Ed Jones, Rick Hamilton, Mark Megalos Woodland Owner Notes

This publication explains the major laws impacting a landowner’s liability in North Carolina and the responsibilities landowners have for invited and uninvited users of their property.

North Carolina's Forestry Present-Use Valuation (PUV) Property Tax Program

By: Rick Hamilton, Mark Megalos, Robert Bardon Woodland Owner Notes

Qualified North Carolina owners of soundly managed commercial forestland have been eligible for property tax reductions since 1974 through the state’s forestry present-use property tax program. To be eligible for Forestry Present Use Valuation, qualified forestland must be actively engaged in the commercial growing of trees under sound management (NC General Statues 105 277.2- 277.7). Commercial growing of trees will entail a harvest as a thinning, partial, or complete harvest of trees (as prescribed in the forest management plan filed with the county tax office). This publication provides a brief overview of the complicated law.

Producing Longleaf Pine Straw

By: Rick Hamilton, Mark Megalos Woodland Owner Notes

Longleaf pine trees deposit a blanket of needles, often called pine straw, on the forest floor annually. It is possible to sell this straw, but in fact wise management of this resource can substantially increase the owner’s income from the forest land. This publication covers the basics of growing longleaf pine, raking and baling pine straw, managing for straw production and selling the straw.

Reforestation as an Investment: Does It Pay?

By: Rick Hamilton Woodland Owner Notes

This publication discusses reforestation practices and the information needed to analyze a reforestation investment.

Federal Income Taxes for Timber Growers

By: Guido van der Hoeven, Rick Hamilton

This publication covers issues relative to taxation of timber sales and timber management in North Carolina.

Maintaining Forest Property Boundaries

By: Mark Megalos, Rick Hamilton, Ted Feitshans Woodland Owner Notes

With the high value of timbered forest property today, landowners would be well-advised to take sufficient steps to protect their investment. Maintaining property lines and boundaries is one of the simplest, yet most often overlooked forms of protection from theft, trespass and encroachment. This publication details the importance of property lines and how to maintain or reestablish them.

Forest Soils and Site Index

By: Rick Hamilton Woodland Owner Notes

Soil quality is the most important factor in forest management decisions. Soils will determine which tree species yield the greatest timber volume, the time to harvest, and ultimately, the investment a landowner must make to yield an acceptable economic return from forest management. This publication discusses site index, the collective influence of soil factors for a particular tree species on a given soil area.

Financial Incentives for Forest Management

By: Robert Bardon, Rick Hamilton Woodland Owner Notes

This publication provides an introduction to the various financial incentives available to woodlot owners. Both federal and state governments offer financial incentive programs; several of these programs provide cost-sharing payments that reimburse landowners for timber management activities. Other programs provide tax incentives, tax credits and deductions for reforestation expenses.

A Consumer's Guide to Consulting Foresters

By: Rick Hamilton Woodland Owner Notes

This publication describes the the benefits of hiring a consulting forester for North Carolina woodland owners. Qualifications of consulting foresters, selecting a consulting forester and services provided by consulting forester are all discussed.

Developing Wildlife-Friendly Pine Plantations

By: Christopher Moorman, Rick Hamilton Woodland Owner Notes

This publication describes how to provide a suitable habitat for many wildlife species without significantly reducing timber production or cash flow from timber sales.

Site Preparation Methods and Contracts

By: Rick Hamilton Woodland Owner Notes

Most commercially valuable tree species found in North Carolina require full or almost full sunlight for seed germination, establishment and early growth. For regeneration to succeed remove competing trees, weeds and brush or reduce their density. Such steps must be taken before planting or before pines or hardwoods can regenerate naturally. This publication discusses alternative site preparation methods available to landowners.

Maintaining the Forestry Exemption under the Sedimentation Pollution Control Act (SPCA)

By: Rick Hamilton, Eric Deal Woodland Owner Notes

This publication addresses the guidelines to consider in planning timber harvests, site preparation and other site-disturbing forestry activities in accordance with the Sedimentation Pollution Control Act.

Reforestation of North Carolina Pines

By: Rick Hamilton Woodland Owner Notes

This publication discusses artificial and natural methods of reforestation that can be successfully used to reforest pines in North Carolina timberlands. Each method has advantages under certain situations. Landowners should select the best method for a specific tract in consultation with the County Extension Agent, County NC Division of Forest Resources representative, forestry consultant or industrial forester.

Steps to Successful Pine Planting

By: Rick Hamilton Woodland Owner Notes

Successful pine plantings require a well-prepared site, quality seedlings, proper storage and field care of seedlings and timely planting by a crew trained in proper planting techniques. Most landowners contract with a vendor for such services. This publication gives information on (1) key clauses to include in any contract and (2) conditions which affect seedling survival and early growth.

Wildlife and Forest Stewardship

By: Ed Jones, Mark Megalos, Rick Hamilton, Peter Bromley Woodland Owner Notes

Developing forestland to continually produce timber and provide wildlife habitat requires an active management plan. Forest stewardship, the process of managing all of the forest’s natural resources together, enables us to conserve our forest resources, including timber, wildlife, soil and water. Forestry and wildlife management are not only compatible, they are interrelated. Managing for wildlife habitat can even improve forest productivity. This publication describes the basic concepts of management, showing how forestry operations affect wildlife habitat.

Forest Health - Community Wealth

By: Rick Hamilton, Elizabeth Hughes, Mark Megalos Forest*A*Syst

This Forest*A*Syst publication is meant as a personal, confidential learning tool that will help you achieve your goals for forest ownership. First, answer the self-assessment questions on page 2 to determine where you interests lie, and then continue reading to learn practical ways of pursuing these interests. To gather more information, review the sources of information in the Getting Help section and tap these sources to learn even more. Also, don't forget to follow the directions for developing a management plan tailored to your dreams for your forest.

A Family Forest: A Planning Guide to Protect, Enhance and Manage Private Forestland

By: Rick Hamilton, Bill Edwards, Joe Folta

This publication helps you envision what your forest can be and directs you to the professionals who can help you get there. Wildlife, recreation and aesthetics, protecting soil and water quality, managing a forest for timber and creating a family forest plan are covered.

Calculating Timber Loss for Woodland Owners

By: Robert Bardon, Rick Hamilton

Timber losses caused by natural or other external forces acting in a sudden, unexpected or unusual manner may entitle a timber owner to a casualty loss deduction. This factsheet explains how to calculate the timber loss for a tax deduction.

Tax Treatment of Non-Business Casualty Losses

By: Rick Hamilton

A casualty loss occurs from an event that is sudden, unusual and unexpected. Hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes and airplane crashes are all examples of events that could cause a casualty loss. Losses to personal property or real property held for personal use caused by these kinds of events are deductible, but the rules for taking these deductions differ from those associated with business or investment property. This factsheet explores the tax implications of non-business casualty losses.

Getting Help from a Consulting Forester

By: Kelly Mance, Erin Sills, Sarah Warren, Rick Hamilton Tree Tips

Do you have a lot of trees on your land? Do you need help taking care of those trees? Would you like to make money form your trees? If so, a forester can help.

Forest Land Enhancement Practices in North Carolina

By: Rick Hamilton, Mark Megalos

The purposes of this publication are 1) to encourage landowners to evaluate the current condition and potential of their forest; 2) to suggest proactive practices, which enhance forest health, diversity and productivity and; 3) to investigate forest management and timber harvesting/regeneration options as they impact future forest condition, especially forest health, tree species composition and productivity for wildlife and timber.

Utilization of Storm-Damaged Timber

By: Rick Hamilton

Following a storm timber owners are often interested in salvaging their timber, but the utilization of storm-damaged timber depends on physical damage to trees and the length of time between damage and harvest. This publication provides guidelines for the utilization of storm-damaged timber.

Where To Go for Forestry Assistance

By: Bill Stanton, Rick Hamilton Woodland Owner Notes

This publication for North Carolina woodland owners compiles a list of technical and financial assistance available for the management of forest lands. Much of this help is free and can be obtained at county agricultural and forestry offices. If they cannot offer the services or information requested, they can refer you to the appropriate sources.

Decision-Making Guidelines for Storm-Damaged Trees

By: Robert Bardon, Rick Hamilton

When storms damage woodlands and shade trees, woodland owners and homeowners have many questions about what to do with their damaged trees. This factsheet outlines guidelines for quick decision-making and priority setting.

La ayuda de un cosultor forestal

By: Kelly Mance, Erin Sills, Sarah Warren, Rick Hamilton Tree Tips

¿Tiene usted muchos árboles en su tierra? ¿Le gustaría recibir ayuda para cuidar sus árboles? ¿Le gustaría ganar dinero por cuidar su bosque? Si está interesado, un consultor forestal lo puede ayudar.