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This comprehensive guide offers information on different grasses for North Carolina lawns, as well as how to establish, care for, maintain, and renovate a new lawn.
In central North Carolina almost any type of vegetable or fruit can be grown successfully provided you choose appropriate varieties and plant at the right time. This publication covers climate, season and potential pests that all affect the selection of what and when to plant. Also included is a planting chart and calendar.
This Entomology Insect Note discusses identifying spiders and how to control them indoors.
This Entomology Insect Note discusses different mite pests whose biting and bloodsucking behavior may cause discomfort or allergic reactions to their hosts (domestic animals and people).
This Entomology Insect Note provides tips on preventing the spread of bedbugs.
This Entomology Insect Note discusses the steps to take before a pest management company arrives to treat your home for bedbugs.
This article describes and defines the different types of insects that sting and are also often mistaken for honey bees.
If you use a septic system or if you are buying a home with a septic system, this owner's guide can help you be sure that your septic system is used and maintained properly. This guide also provides a place to record and keep important information, such as a copy of your permit, a sketch of your system, and maintenance records.
This factsheet tells homeowners how to recognize and prevent problems with home septic systems. How septic systems work, where septic systems can be used, and maintenance on septic systems are covered.
This factsheet covers the type of scorpions found in North Carolina and measures to take to control them, both indoors and outdoors.
This publication discusses strategies and techniques for stabilizing stream banks where erosion is an issue.
Ants are probably the most common insect pests that invade our homes and become an extreme nuisance. Controlling ants can be difficult and frustrating at times but will more likely succeed if you have a basic understanding of ant behavior and some specific information about the particular ant species you have infesting your home.
This factsheet outlines the history, movement, distribution, and present status of the Africanized honey bee in the United States. (Part 1 of a 3-part series)
This factsheets offers questions and answers about head lice.
This factsheet provides basic information about prevention and control of Africanized honey bees prior to their expected arrival in North Carolina. (Part 2 of a 3-part series.)
This publication provides the operator of a hot-water heating system with important basic information about this type of system and its operation. The first two sections describe a hot-water system and its parts, explain the functions of each part and give some simple design calculations for those who wish to build their own system. The third section will help the reader develop and understanding of wood fuel, and the fourth describes and explains the economics of hot-water systems.
This Entomology Insect Note describes how to identify and control drain flies, a common nuisance in and around homes and commercial buildings.
This publication describes common causes for septic tank failures and suggests steps you can take to prevent failure of your system.
This Entomology Insect Note offers tips for baiting ants in an around homes.
This Entomology Insect Note describes how to control camel crickets if they become an indoor pest.
This publication describes how children cope with stress and summarizes practices that parents can use to help a child deal with stress.
This publication provides pictures and descriptions of snakes found in North Carolina.
This publication covers the supplies you will need for a lengthy stay in a shelter during an emergency or disaster.
This publication offers tips to deal with snakes, both indoors and outdoors, during the recovery process of a flood or disaster with strewn debris.
This publication shows how to recognize the signs of gang involvement and offers advice on how to prevent children from joining gangs.
This Entomology Insect Note discusses identifying bedbugs and how to control them in households.
This Entomology Insect Note provides information on the identification and control of fungus gnats in the household.
This Entomology Insect Note describes the identification, biology, behavior and control of the kudzu bug.
This publication provides basic information on the nutrient needs of trees and shrubs, types of fertilizers to apply and recommended methods and times of application.
Right at your doorstep may be many of the answers to the social, educational, and health challenges faced by children, parents, and teachers in the United States. Tips for encouraging outdoor activities with children are included, along with strategies for setting a standard to be outdoors, care for the environment, and spend time with family.
Brown marmorated stink bug description, life history, damage, and control.
This publication offers general guidelines for cleaning or replacing flood-damaged carpets and rugs.
This Entomology Insect Note offers information on how to identify and control earwigs in the household.
This publication describes the basic reasons for a child's misbehavior and how you can become an "emotion coach" to help children handle difficult feelings. It also summarizes developmental milestones for preschool years and middle childhood and poses some questions for parents to consider as they help their children learn and grow.
In this publication you will find ideas to get you started growing your own edibles. Included are simple designs and potential settings for a single container, a small group of containers and a larger grouping of containers. The benefits and challenges of various planting options will also be explored.
This Entomology Insect Note describes the biology and control of the woolly alder aphid, a pest of both alder and silver maple trees.
This publication covers the supplies you will need at home in the event of an emergency or disaster.
This publication offers information on how to clean and recondition tractors that have been submerged in floodwaters.
This checklist describes household conditions that can be hazardous to the elderly and recommends ways to improve home safety for older people.
This Entomology Insect Note discusses the life cycle, habits, and control of springtails in the household.
This document is presented to answer some commonly asked questions about repellents and mechanical devices that allegedly repel insects and ticks.
One of the more enjoyable Christmas traditions is to replant a living Christmas tree into your landscape after the holiday season. This article describes the process of successfully selecting, caring for and replanting a living Christmas tree.
This Entomology Insect Note addresses mosquito biology and how to control mosquitoes around homes and in communities.
This publication offers a guide to growing edible plants year-round in containers. Includes planting and harvest guides.
This publication, part of the Farm to Food Bank Resource Guide, discusses venison donation programs in North Carolina.
This publication discusses how to prevent mold growth in the home environment.
In preparation for an emergency, keep the following food items that do not need refrigeration on hand or in an evacuation kit.
This Entomology Insect Note describes the biology, behavior and management of silverfish infestations.
This publication offers guidelines if a recent storm results in water damage to pesticide containers or application equipment in your home or on your property.
This publication covers steps to take to clean up your kitchen after a disaster or emergency.
This publication provides practical tips on how to promote health eating by incorporating fresh, local foods into nutrition education and cooking classes. Topics include getting started, knowing what's in season, and where to buy local foods.
List of items that can and cannot be composted at home.
This publication discusses the pros and cons of mold testing in a home.
There are many different ways to buy local food, and this guide provides information that childcare centers and technical assistance providers can use to understand where to find local food, what to expect, and how to decide which local food source is right for different centers.
This factsheet describes how to process mature sweet sorghum into ethanol and how this process could be implemented on a farm or private residence in the southeastern United States.
The key to surviving a hurricane is preparation. This factsheet takes you through the thought process of what needs to be done before a storm so that you are prepared.
This publication discusses how to possibly restore furniture, including antiques, damaged by floodwaters.
This publication for parents and caregiver describes strategies for building a child's sense of self-esteem, self-confidence, motivation and initiative.
This factsheet discusses reasonable accommodation and reasonable modification and fair housing law.
Worms can turn food scraps into a soil amendment called vermicompost — worm castings — which increases plant growth and reduces attacks by plant diseases and pests. Vermicomposting is easy, involves little work and can be done indoors or outdoors. All you need is a container, bedding, worms and worm food.
This publication covers items to consider when trying to salvage flood-damaged appliances.
This publication offers a simple guide to home maintenance and includes an inspection checklist.
This publication offers information on stepfamily relationships and dynamics.
This factsheet answers basic questions about Africanized honey bees. (Part 3 of a 3-part series)
After a power failure, you might not have heat, refrigeration, or water. This publication explains how to safely prepare food when you have no power.
This publication covers how to spot a tornado, where to go during a storm and tornado survival rules and tips.
Expressing feelings can lead to improved interpersonal relationships.
Getting involved in your teen's homework routine can help your teen develop discipline and problem-solving skills.
This publication highlights potential indoor air quality concerns in homes.
This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains basic rules for being a good sportsman while hunting or fishing on another’s property.
During and right after a disaster, any household item that can move, fall, break, or cause a fire becomes a home hazard. To minimize possible danger, inspect your home now to find and correct potential hazards.
This publication covers potential moisture problems in attics, crawl spaces and walls after a flood or other disaster.
This factsheet describes different parenting styles and lists suggested measures parents can take to discipline their children.
This guide lists the problems that can arise in making sweet gherkin pickles and describes how to prevent them by taking precautions during each step in the process, from preparing the cucumbers to making the brine and packing the pickles.
This Entomology Insect Note discusses the life cycle of human lice and how to treat infestations.
This Entomology Insect Note contains information about booklice, a small household pest that feeds on fungi and mold but does not bite or transmit disease.
This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to collect and identify stream insects and other tiny invertebrates in a group outing.
This publication offers 6 lessons for a school curriculum on the importance of vermicomposting, setting up a worm bin, anatomy of earthworms and how to reduce waste and recycle. Lesson objectives an activities are provided.
This publication offers tips to people returning to their homes and communities after evacuation during an emergency or disaster.
This publication for farmers covers the guidelines to deal with pesticide storage facilities that may have been damaged by a flood or other disaster.
Calentar y enfriar su hogar representan aproximadamente el 43 por ciento de su factura de servicios públicos. Aquí encontrará algunas recomendaciones sobre cómo usted y su familia pueden ahorrar dinero en los costos de calefacción y aire acondicionado.
The decisions you make at tax time determine how much of any tax refund money will reach your wallet. These suggestions can help you get the maximum benefit from your refund.
This publication, part of the Farm to Food Bank Resource Guide, discusses setting up a market or farm stand at a food pantry in North Carolina.
This publication provides information and success stories related to food banks, food pantries, food donation programs, and other resources for addressing food insecurity.
The Gardening Activity Guide is designed to expose young children to seasonal fruit and vegetable gardening in childcare centers. Based on the Preventing Obesity by Design (POD) model, the guide provides a resource for teachers to encourage children’s physical activity and outdoor learning through gardening and related activities.
This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explains how to make a composting bin to house earthworms and recycle food scraps.
This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explains how to build, place and monitor a suitable nesting structure for mourning doves.
This guide describes common types of well construction in North Carolina and offers advice for safely constructing and caring for a well.
Supplemental hand weeding accounts for the majority of landscape bed maintenance costs. When used exclusively, it can cost 10 to 100 times as much as an effective herbicide or mulching program. However, many of the costly and unsightly weed problems can be avoided or at least minimized with a little planning. Developing a landscape weed management plan involves five basic steps.
This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explains the different types of baits and lures and their effectiveness in attracting fish.
This publication offers information on tornadoes and tornado season in North Carolina.
This publication offers tips to rid your refrigerator of odors after an extended loss of power due to an emergency or disaster.
This publication covers best freezing practices for a variety of fruits.
This publication, part of the Farm to Food Bank Resource Guide, discusses the process of gleaning in North Carolina.
This publication, part of the Farm to Food Bank Resource Guide, discusses using community and home gardens to supplement food for food banks and pantries in North Carolina.
This publication discusses the National Flood Insurance Program, as well as a flood insurance policies from insurance companies.
This publication addresses family stress after a disaster.
This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to recognize and record wild turkey vocalizations; then give an oral presentation discussing how turkeys communicate.
This factsheet covers selecting the right Christmas tree for your needs, as well as caring for your tree after purchase.
This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explains how to identify a wide variety of animal tracks.
This publication describes how communities can develop and implement backyard composting programs that reduce the amount of waste in the landfill and return nutrients to the soil.
Most North Carolina homeowners could easily reduce their indoor water consumption by about 30 percent through the installation of very simple water conserving devices. This publication covers a few suggestions to reduce household water use.
This publication covers a variety of foods that can be prepared even if there is no gas or electricity for cooking.
This publication contains important information and safety tips regarding gasoline-powered generators to be used in an emergency or disaster.
This publication offers a list of steps to take for cleanup and repair of your home following a disaster or emergency.
This factsheet offers instruction on what to do with your well after a flood.
Research tells us that communication and commitment are keys to a strong family. This publication can help you foster both by making time for family meetings.
In the event of economic stress or hardship, it is a good time to step back and take stock of your many resources. These resources may be personal, that is, something within you, or from your family and community. Ideas for identifying and making the most of these sources of strength and support for getting by when times are tough are included in this factsheet.
Taking care of a parent, spouse or older relative while holding down a full-time job can be very demanding and stressful. This publication offers information on how to assess your situation and identify additional resources to help.
To begin an estate plan, identify your goals and gather needed information before seeking professional advice. Schedule a family meeting to begin shaping your objectives. The checklist of estate objectives and other guidance in this publication will help you begin.
This publication, part of the Farm to Food Bank Resource Guide, discusses 4-H projects that raise and harvest chickens for local food pantries in North Carolina.
This publication provides recommendations for removing mold from most household items.
This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explains how to identify and locate household materials to recycle in the construction of archery equipment.
This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to keep detailed records of butterfly observations and recommends which plants would be most beneficial to local butterflies.
This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to identify nuisance wildlife situations and make recommendations for minimizing damage.
Many people assume that floods, storms, hurricanes and other disasters happen to someone else, and many people postpone taking care of family papers. This factsheet helps you to determine what papers you should worry about protecting.
This publication clears up misconceptions about federal flood insurance and the National Flood Insurance Program.
This publication covers the supplies needed for an evacuation due to an emergency or disaster, as well as a checklist of things to do before leaving your house.
This publication provides checklists to guide potential buyers as they check out homes before they put in a purchase offer.
This factsheet offers information on what to do if you lose your job.
This publication offers tips on dealing with stress.
The factsheet focuses on reasonable accommodations and modifications covered under fair housing law.
Foodborne illness is nearly 100 percent preventable if food is handled safely from the time it is purchased until the time it is served. Read this publication to find out what you can do to keep food safe to eat at home.
This publication, part of the Farm to Food Bank Resource Guide, discusses food donations given directly to food banks and food pantries in North Carolina.
This publication illustrates the NC State Extension Model for Program Planning and Evaluation for proactive and reactive programming.
The home water treatment industry has expanded tremendously in recent years. New products are constantly being introduced which claim to solve a variety of water quality problems. Consumers often make costly decisions about water treatment equipment without being well-informed. Many people simply do not know what questions to ask to ensure wise investments. This fact sheet offers the 12 questions consumers should ask of water treatment manufacturers or distributors.
This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explores studying beaver biology and behavior through inquiry-based learning strategies.
This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explains characteristics of lizards that distinguish them from other animals.
This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explains which bodies of water are suitable for amphibian growth and development.
This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to plant food plots and manipulate the seed bank to improve food resources for white-tailed deer and other wildlife species.
This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains the physical and technical skills expected of entry-level wildlife and fishery biologists and/or law enforcement officers, and explains how to evaluate personal abilities along with educational and vocational needs and opportunities.
This publication explains the pelleting process and considerations for consumers interested in either developing small-scale heating pellet production systems or burning pellets to meet their heating needs.
New and existing professionals working in the realm of climate education, research, and outreach need to be clear in their terminology and usage. This glossary compiles the most commonly used terms and definitions for academics, researchers, and educators to communicate effectively in this emerging arena. To enhance understanding, key terms include a separate interpretative explanation of the concept “Why this matters.”
Victims of Hurricane Matthew that took place beginning on October 4, 2016 in parts of North Carolina may qualify for tax relief from the Internal Revenue Service. The President has declared that a major disaster exists in the State of North Carolina. Following the recent disaster declaration for individual assistance issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the IRS announced today that affected taxpayers in the counties of Beaufort, Bladen, Columbus, Cumberland, Edgecombe, Hoke, Lenoir, Nash, Pitt, and Robeson Counties will receive tax relief. Individuals who reside or have a business in Beaufort, Bladen, Columbus, Cumberland, Edgecombe, Hoke, Lenoir, Nash, Pitt, and Robeson Counties may qualify for tax relief.
This publication offers tips on choosing a contractor for home repairs after an emergency or disaster.
If you stay at your house during an emergency or disaster, take the following actions to ensure you are well prepared.
This publication offers some information about the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).
This publication offers information how to recondition farm equipment that has been submerged in floodwaters.
This publication describes the physical, emotional and mental changes that preschoolers experience. It provides information that parents can use to support their children through this stage of development.
Is losing your job a possibility or a reality? Few families have savings to buffer their expenses until they find work again. Acting as if nothing has happened and keeping kids in the dark — letting them think everything is normal — can only last a short while.
This factsheet describes the types of abuse, risk factors, and offers domestic violence resources.
This publication describes how to recognize a child's readiness for toilet learning and how parents can help their child learn to use the toilet.
Heating and cooling your home account for approximately 43 percent of your utility bill. This publication suggests some ways that you and your family can save money on your heating and cooling costs.
This factsheet explains the problems related to nitrate in drinking water and how to prevent it from affecting your water supply.
This educational resource for children aged 9-12 offers information about turtles and their role in nature.
This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to build a model of a wetland and its functions or map how stormwater flows between their neighborhoods and the ocean.
This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to collect used materials, construct and strategically place nest boxes for wood ducks.
This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to observe urban wildlife, record information and use findings to develop a wildlife habitat improvement plan.
This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to properly handle, store, dress and prepare wild game or fish.
This publication offers safety tips and first aid procedures to prevent and treat heat stress disorders that may occur during clean-up after a hurricane or other disaster.
Don’t be reluctant to talk with your family about the possibility of a hurricane, fire, tornado, or flood. Thought and action before the disaster hits usually helps family members react wisely. Families that work together to prepare for the problem will cope better than those who do not take precautions.
This publication provides some general guidelines for normal infant social, physical and cognitive development.
This publication helps parents protect young children from accidents and injuries in the home.
This publication seeks to broaden understanding about the creative process for parents and others who work with children and youth.
When money is tight, look for ways to reduce household expenditures. This publication offers a number of simple no cost/low cost things you and your family can do to help save money on your utility bill.
Most water in North Carolina is suitable for drinking and other home uses. There are, however, circumstances which can lead to contamination of water supplies. The question of whether or not to test your water is a serious one which concerns the health of you and your family. The purpose of this factsheet is to give you general guidelines to follow when deciding to test your home water quality.
This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explains how to identify snakes and their behavior in nature.
This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to collect information on fish populations and evaluate it to determine management recommendations for ponds.
This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explores food preferences in animals through inquiry-based learning strategies.
Making arrangements for your pets should be part of your household disaster planning. If you must evacuate your home, it’s always wise to take your pets with you. Although trained service dogs are allowed in emergency shelters, other pets are not allowed due to public health and safety reasons. You need to have other plans for your pets. Advance planning is essential; it could save a pet’s life.
Cuando el dinero es escaso, busque maneras de reducir los gastos del hogar. Hay una serie de cosas sencillas sin costo o a bajo costo que usted y su familia pueden hacer para ayudar a ahorrar dinero en sus facturas/recibos de servicios públicos (electricidad, agua, gas).
This factsheet offers information on how to deal with food that may have come into contact with floodwaters.