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Browse by Category: 4-H Youth Development
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How to Become a Beekeeper in North Carolina

By: David Tarpy, Jennifer Keller

Beekeeping is a very enjoyable and rewarding pastime that is relatively inexpensive to get started. Moreover, it’s a hobby that can eventually make you money! The following is a primer on how to start your first hive and begin keeping bees.

Growing and Cooking Fruits and Vegetables at Childcare Centers

By: Carol Mitchell, Robin Moore, Nilda Cosco Local Foods: Childcare Center Production Gardens

This factsheet summarizes the benefits of fruit and vegetable gardening with children. It includes age-appropriate activities for childcare providers to engage young children using fresh produce from the garden for cooking and eating.

Nutrition of Newborn Kids: Colostrum and Bottle-Feeding

By: JM Luginbuhl

Colostrum is the first thick yellowish milk produced by the doe after giving birth. Colostrum contains maternal antibodies that help the goat kid develop its immune system to fight diseases. Colostrum should be ingested or bottle-fed very early in life as soon as kids have a suckling reflex.

Muscadine Grape: Family Activity Guide

By: Liz Driscoll, Connie Fisk, Sara Spayd

Celebrating, learning and loving everything about muscadine grapes. This guide provides activities for families to discover and learn about muscadine grapes native to North Carolina.

How to Install a Package of Honey Bees

By: David Tarpy

A step-by-step instruction and description of how to install and maintain a new colony of honey bees.

Growing Warm-Season Fruits and Vegetables in Childcare Production Gardens

By: Mary Archer, Joanna Lelekacs, Liz Driscoll Local Foods: Childcare Center Production Gardens

This publication focuses on easy-to-grow, child-friendly, warm-season fruits and vegetables suitable for childcare center gardening. This is the third of eight publications about childcare center production gardens.

Creating Childcare Center Production Gardens

By: Robin Moore, Nilda Cosco, Sarah Konradi, Mary Archer Local Foods: Childcare Center Production Gardens

This publication focuses on developing fruit and vegetable production gardens in the Outdoor Learning Environment (OLE) of childcare centers. Included are basic garden design and layout to help childcare centers get started in year-round gardening activities. This is the second of eight publications about childcare center production gardens.

Appendix H. Community Gardening Resources

By: Mary Jac Brennan, Susan Jakes

This appendix is part of the Extension Gardener Handbook and gives users to the tools to implement a youth, community, or therapeutic garden.

Nest Structures for Mourning Doves

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explains how to build, place and monitor a suitable nesting structure for mourning doves.

Home Composting with Earthworms

By: Rhonda Sherman

Worms can turn food scraps into a soil amendment called vermicompost — worm castings — which increases plant growth and reduces attacks by plant diseases and pests. Vermicomposting is easy, involves little work and can be done indoors or outdoors. All you need is a container, bedding, worms and worm food.

What CAN be Composted?

By: Rhonda Sherman

List of items that can and cannot be composted at home.

Meat Goat Showmanship

By: Matthew Claeys Animal Science Facts

This publication offers information on youth showmanship of meat goats.

Vermicomposting: A 5th Grade School Enrichment Curriculum

By: Rhonda Sherman, Rebecca Liverman, Ed Maxa

This publication offers 5 lessons for a school curriculum on the importance of vermicomposting, setting up a worm bin, anatomy of earthworms and how to reduce waste and recycle. Lesson objectives an activities are provided.

Snacking and Cooking with Warm-Season Produce from Childcare Production Gardens

By: Carol Mitchell Local Foods: Childcare Center Production Gardens

This publication includes simple recipes that childcare center cooks and educators can use to engage children in snacking and cooking with fresh warm-season fruits and vegetables from on-site production gardens and elsewhere. This is the fifth of eight publications about childcare center production gardens.

Earthworm Composting

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explains how to make a composting bin to house earthworms and recycle food scraps.

Swine Showmanship

By: Matthew Claeys Animal Science Facts

This publication offers information on youth showmanship of swine.

Growing Cool-Season Vegetables in Childcare Production Gardens

By: Sarah Konradi, Mary Archer, Joanna Lelekacs, Liz Driscoll Local Foods: Childcare Center Production Gardens

This publication focuses on easy-to-grow, child-friendly, cool-season vegetables suitable for childcare center gardening. This is the fourth of eight publications about childcare center production gardens.

Swine Exhibitor's Project Guide (7-8 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing swine for youth aged 7-8.

Snacking and Cooking with Cool-Season Produce from Childcare Production Gardens

By: Carol Mitchell Local Foods: Childcare Center Production Gardens

This publication includes simple recipes that childcare center cooks and educators can use to engage children in snacking and cooking with fresh cool-season fruits and vegetables from on-site production gardens and elsewhere. This is the sixth of eight publications about childcare center production gardens.

Swine Exhibitor's Project Guide (5-6 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing swine for youth aged 5-6.

Meat Goat Exhibitor's Project Guide (5-6 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing meat goats for youth aged 5-6.

Sheep Exhibitor's Project Guide (5-6 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing sheep for youth aged 5-6.

Sheep Exhibitor Project Guide (7-8 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing sheep for youth aged 7-8.

Eat Smart Move More North Carolina: Growing Communities Through Gardens

By: Lucy Bradley, Keith Baldwin, Diane Beth

Gardens bring communities together. Not only are community gardens a good way to get more fresh fruits and vegetables in our diets, they also allow us to be active outdoors and build a strong community.

Southeastern Serpents

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explains how to identify snakes and their behavior in nature.

Hunting and Fishing Sportsmanship

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains basic rules for being a good sportsman while hunting or fishing on another’s property.

Monitoring Macroinvertebrates

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to collect and identify stream insects and other tiny invertebrates in a group outing.

Estuaries: Nature's Water Filters

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to build a model of a wetland and its functions or map how stormwater flows between their neighborhoods and the ocean.

Branching Out: The North Carolina Forest Stewardship Activity Guide

By: Gail Chesson

Branching Out is your guide for helping youth appreciate and understand our forest and natural surroundings. Easy to follow classroom and outdoor activities link youth to the forest. Soil and water, wildlife, trees, recreation and natural beauty are the topic areas used to develop the concept of stewardship.

Leaping Lizards

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explains characteristics of lizards that distinguish them from other animals.

Tools for Archers

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explains how to identify and locate household materials to recycle in the construction of archery equipment.

Animal Appetites

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explores food preferences in animals through inquiry-based learning strategies.

Nature's Footprints

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explains how to identify a wide variety of animal tracks.

Fishing Bait

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explains the different types of baits and lures and their effectiveness in attracting fish.

Bird Furniture

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explores the nesting and feeding requirements of birds and explains how to build nesting boxes.

Pools of Life

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explains which bodies of water are suitable for amphibian growth and development.

Pond Management: Good Fishing in the Balance

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to collect information on fish populations and evaluate it to determine management recommendations for ponds.

Urban Wildlife: Our Animal Neighbors

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to observe urban wildlife, record information and use findings to develop a wildlife habitat improvement plan.

Wild Game: From Field to Table

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to properly handle, store, dress and prepare wild game or fish.

Talking Turkey

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to recognize and record wild turkey vocalizations; then give an oral presentation discussing how turkeys communicate.

Turtle Tales

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 9-12 offers information about turtles and their role in nature.

Houses for Wood Ducks

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to collect used materials, construct and strategically place nest boxes for wood ducks.

Would You Like To Be a Wildlife Professional?

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains the physical and technical skills expected of entry-level wildlife and fishery biologists and/or law enforcement officers, and explains how to evaluate personal abilities along with educational and vocational needs and opportunities.

Sharing Space with Wildlife

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to identify nuisance wildlife situations and make recommendations for minimizing damage.

Beavers: Ecosystem Engineers

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 9-12 explores studying beaver biology and behavior through inquiry-based learning strategies.

Butterfly Buffet

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to keep detailed records of butterfly observations and recommends which plants would be most beneficial to local butterflies.

Farming for Wildlife

Youth Wildlife Projects

This educational resource for children aged 13-15 explains how to plant food plots and manipulate the seed bank to improve food resources for white-tailed deer and other wildlife species.