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Coccidiosis, the Most Common Cause of Diarrhea in Young Goats

By: JM Luginbuhl, Kevin Anderson Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers some information on the signs, symptoms, and treatment of coccidiosis, the most common cause of diarrhea in young goats.

Nutritional Feeding Management of Meat Goats

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

Goats raised for meat need high quality feed in most situations and require an optimum balance of many different nutrients to achieve maximum profit potential. This publication covers nutritional requirements for meat goats, including water, protein and vitamins.

Poisonous Plants to Livestock

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

A guide to many of the plants, shrubs, and flowers that are poisonous to animals.

Vaccinating Goats Against Enterotoxemia and Tetanus: Is it Necessary?

By: JM Luginbuhl, Kevin Anderson Animal Science Facts

It is generally advised that all goats be vaccinated against overeating disease (enterotoxemia) and tetanus. This factsheet offers some information on how and when to give the vaccines for maximum protection.

Forage Conservation Techniques: Silage and Haylage Production

By: J.J. Romero, Miguel Castillo, J.C. Burns

This publication provides information on two forage conservation techniques to help producers select a technique that maximizes nutrient conservation efficiency and minimizes production costs.

2020 North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Manual

By: College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

This manual, updated every year, covers pesticide use and safety information, chemical application equipment, fertilizer use, insect control, chemical weed control, plant growth regulators, animal damage control and disease control.

Controlling Sore Mouth in Meat Goats

By: JM Luginbuhl, Kevin Anderson Animal Science Facts

This publication offers information on the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of sore mouth, a contagious, viral disease that produces thick, scabby sores on the lips and gums and may also be observed on the udders of meat goats.

Heat Detection and Breeding in Meat Goats

By: JM Luginbuhl Animal Science Facts

This publication covers the signs of heat in does and some basic information on breeding meat goats.

Identifying and Responding to Factors That Can Affect Egg Quality and Appearance

By: Ken Anderson, Darrin Karcher, Deanna Jones

This publication is a useful resource that shell egg producers can use to identify egg defects and possible factors contributing to egg quality issues. It also provides corrective measures for each defect so that producers can incorporate these solutions into their production systems.

Lice: What They Are and How to Control Them

By: Wes Watson, JM Luginbuhl Animal Science Facts

Information on the different types of lice, diagnosis and treatment is presented in this factsheet. Lice are a common group of ectoparasitic insects of goats; infested animals are uncomfortable and often cause structural damage to farm facilities by rubbing and scratching on fences and posts.

Swine Manure as a Fertilizer Source

By: Steph Kulesza, Mahmoud Sharara SoilFacts

This factsheet explains the three factors of proper swine manure management: the nutrient content of the manure, the percentages of those nutrients that are available to the plant and the nutrient requirements of the plant.

Herbicide Carryover in Hay, Manure, Compost, and Grass Clippings

By: Jeanine Davis, Sue Ellen Johnson, Katie Jennings

Many farmers and home gardeners have reported damage to vegetable and flower crops after applying horse or livestock manure, compost, hay, or grass clippings to the soil. The symptoms reported include poor seed germination; death of young plants; twisted, cupped, and elongated leaves; misshapen fruit; and reduced yields. These symptoms can be caused by other factors, including diseases, insects, and herbicide drift. Another possibility for the source of these crop injuries should also be considered: the presence of certain herbicides in the manure, compost, hay, or grass clippings applied to the soil.

Modified McMaster's Fecal Egg Counting Technique

By: Heather Glennon

A guide to counting fecal eggs in meat goats, modified from the McMaster Procedure.

Breeds and Production Traits of Meat Goats

By: JM Luginbuhl Animal Science Facts

This publication covers the characteristics and production traits (adaptability, reproductive rate, growth rate, carcass characteristics) of the common meat goat breeds Boer, Spanish, Myotonic, Nubian, and Pygmy.

Housing and Facilities for Meat Goats

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

This publication discusses housing and working facilities that will meet shelter needs for meat goats.

Listeriosis in Your Herd

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

A Q&A on listeriosis in goats, including causes, symptoms, prevention and risk to humans.

Decreasing Barber Pole Larvae Population on Grass Pastures: Is Liquid Nitrogen Fertilizer a Viable Alternative?

By: JM Luginbuhl

Barber pole larvae show increased resistance to commercial anthelmintics drenched to small ruminant livestock, and producers are looking for other alternatives. What about bypassing the livestock entirely and applying a larvicidal product directly on the pasture itself?

Consider Breeding Your Does to Target Ethnic Holidays Where Goat Meat Is Part of the Traditional Holiday Feast

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

Many ethnic holidays include goat meat as part of traditional celebrations. This factsheet serves as an ethnic holiday calendar and guide for meat goat producers.

Induced Molting of Commercial Layers

By: Ken Anderson

This publication discusses how to molt commercial layer flocks.

Poultry (Broilers, Layers, and Turkeys)

By: Mike Stringham, Wes Watson, Donna Carver, Stephen Toth Crop Profiles for North Carolina Agriculture

How to manage pesticides to control insects and diseases of poultry (broilers, layers, and turkeys) in North Carolina is covered in detail.

Forage Needs and Grazing Management for Meat Goats in the Humid Southeast

By: JM Luginbuhl, Matt Poore, Paul Mueller, Jim Green Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on forage needs for meat goats, as well as typical grazing behavior.

Laminitis or Founder

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

A Q&A on laminitis, an inflammation of the hoof, in meat goats, including causes, symptoms, and treatment options.

Co-Grazing Meat Goats and Beef Cattle Has Many Advantages

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

This factsheet presents several advantages to co-grazing meat goats and beef cattle.

Nutrition of Newborn Kids: Colostrum and Bottle-Feeding

By: JM Luginbuhl

Colostrum is the first thick yellowish milk produced by the doe after giving birth. Colostrum contains maternal antibodies that help the goat kid develop its immune system to fight diseases. Colostrum should be ingested or bottle-fed very early in life as soon as kids have a suckling reflex.

Fetal Programming: Cow Nutrition and its Effects on Calf Performance

By: Philipe Moriel Animal Science Facts

Recently, a lot of researchers have demonstrated that cow nutrition can impact more than just pregnancy rates. In this publication, we will summarize some of the recent data showing the effects of poor cow nutrition on calf growth and performance.

Foot Scald

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

A Q&A on foot scald in meat goats, including signs and symptoms and treatment options.

Pink Eye or Infectious Keratoconjunctivitis

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

A Q&A on pink eye (infectious keratoconjunctivitis) in meat goats.

Precision Agriculture Technology: How to Become a Commercial Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Pilot

By: Gary Roberson

This publication discusses flying unmanned aerial vehicles (drones, model aircraft) for commercial purposes. You'll learn about the requirements becoming a commercial UAV pilot and how to obtain a remote pilot certificate.

Poultry Litter as a Fertilizer Source

By: Steph Kulesza, Mahmoud Sharara SoilFacts

This factsheet describes the nutrient composition of poultry manure and land application techniques based on matching the nutritional requirements of the crop with the nutrients available in manure. This publication also includes a worksheet to determine the nutrient needs of your crop.

Horse Flies and Deer Flies

By: Michael Waldvogel, Charles Apperson Biting and Stinging Pests

This Entomology Insect Note discusses identifying horse and deer flies and how to control them.

Monitoring the Body Condition of Meat Goats: A Key to Successful Management

By: JM Luginbuhl, Matt Poore Animal Science Facts

This publication offers information on monitoring the body condition of meat goats in order to increase reproductive success.

Preparing Meat Goats for the Breeding Season

By: JM Luginbuhl Animal Science Facts

This publication offers information on how to prep does and bucks for the meat goat breeding season to improve the outcome and profitability of the operation.

Guidelines for the Commercial Application of Poultry Litter

By: Steph Kulesza SoilFacts

A summary of North Carolina rules and regulations governing the purchasing, handling, application and reporting of poultry litter by commercial haulers. This publication also includes a sample agreement between growers and haulers regarding who has responsibility for the various stages of litter handling.

Using Animal Manures in Forest Fertilization

By: Cari Furiness, Ellis Cowling, Lee Allen, Robert Abt, Doug Frederick, Kelly Zering, Robert Campbell

Applying animal manure to forestland can help animal producers manage waste and supply forest owners with low-cost, slow-release nutrients that enhance production of forest crops. This publication is based on a research project designed to investigate factors that make forest fertilization with animal manures successful in North Carolina.

Foot Rot

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

A Q&A on foot rot, a contagious disease of the hooves of goats and sheep.

Toxoplasmosis

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

A Q&A on toxoplasmosis, a parasite that can cause disease in the placenta and developing fetus of pregnant goats and sheep.

Explaining the North Carolina Egg Law for Producers With Small Flocks

By: Ken Anderson

This publication is targeted toward small producers who may be contemplating entering into egg sales at some level.

Meat Goat Exhibitor's Project Guide (7-8 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing meat goats for youth aged 7-8.

Keeping Garden Chickens in North Carolina

By: Anne Edwards, Donna Carver

A guide for urban residents who want to raise backyard chickens. Includes information about breed selection, feeding, housing, flock health, litter and pest management and coop construction.

Asian Longhorned Tick

By: Wes Watson, Matt Bertone, Michael Waldvogel, Alexis M. Barbarin

The Asian longhorned tick is an invasive tick spreading throughout the eastern US. A native of the far east, this tick was introduced to the US mainland in 2010. It has been reported from 12 states including North Carolina. Here we present basic information on the biology of the tick, its distribution, damage caused by the tick and how to protect against the tick.

Basic Meat Goat Facts

By: JM Luginbuhl Animal Science Facts

This factsheet gives at-a-glance information on a variety of meat goat facts, including reproductive aspects, health habits and signs of illness.

Forage Quality Indices for Selecting Hay

By: Miguel Castillo, Juan José Romero

This publication provides an overview of the differences in forage quality by reviewing a summary of forage hay samples submitted to the N.C. State Fair Forage Contest over a 20 year period. It also discusses tools for ranking the quality of forages.

Herd Animal Death Problems

By: JM Luginbuhl, Kevin Anderson, Heather Glennon Animal Science Facts

Animal necropsies attempt to determine the cause of death and whether it affects a concern for the herd or flock of origin. This guide offers tips and guidelines for having a necropsy done on a dead animal.

Market Lamb Showmanship

By: Matthew Claeys Animal Science Facts

This publication offers information on youth showmanship of market lambs.

Water Needs Assessment Tool—A Guide for Technical Specialists

By: Garry Grabow

This publication provides background information and references for the Water Needs Assessment Tool spreadsheet and its data inputs. It also discusses the methods used to generate output from the model and provides examples.

Food Safety Modernization Act Current Good Manufacturing Practices for Food for Animals and COVID-19

By: Marissa Herchler, Adam Fahrenholz

How existing facility Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) on personal hygiene and sanitation can be adapted to mitigate the spread of COVID-19

Matching Forages to the Nutrient Needs of Meat Goats

By: Paul Mueller, Matt Poore, JM Luginbuhl, Jim Green

Grazing behavior and nutrient requirements in forages for meat goats is discussed in this factsheet.

Beef Showmanship

By: Matthew Claeys Animal Science Facts

This publication offers information on youth showmanship of beef cattle.

Forests as an Alternative for Swine Manure Application

By: Cari Furiness, Ellis Cowling, Lee Allen, Robert Abt, Doug Frederick, Kelly Zering, Robert Campbell

Applying swine manure to forestland that needs nitrogen and phosphorus can help swine producers manage waste and put valuable nutrients to work for forest owners. This publication is based on a research project designed to investigate factors that make fertilizing with animal manures successful in North Carolina.

Sludge Sampling in Anaerobic Treatment Swine Lagoons

By: Mahmoud Sharara, Maxwell Owusu-Twum

Anaerobic swine lagoon sludge sampling allows operators to determine the nutrient concentration in the sludge through laboratory analysis. This publication provides information about different options for sampling sludge in these lagoons.

Induced Molting as a Management Tool

By: Ken Anderson

Because of increasing economic pressure related to capital costs, egg prices, feed prices, and replacement pullet costs, the commercial egg industry must maximize the use of its resources. The need to lower production costs have led many enterprises to use induced molting programs.

Beef Exhibitor's Project Guide (5-6 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing beef cattle for youth aged 5-6.

Beef Exhibitor's Project Guide (7-8 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing beef cattle for youth aged 7-8.

NC State Local Grass-Fed Beef Production Guidelines

By: Matt Poore Local Foods: NC State Finished Beef Production Guidelines

This publication provides production protocol guidelines developed by North Carolina State University and Amazing Grazing to assist producers in creating local grass-fed beef production systems.

Feed Sampling and Analysis

By: Bob Mowrey, Mike Yoder, Tim Potter Horse Feeding Management

This publication explains how horse owners should routinely evaluate the nutrient content of their horses' feed. It also covers interpreting feed analysis reports to understand the actual nutrient content of feeds and develop balanced, cost-effective diets.

Use of On-Farm Records for Modifying a Certified Animal Waste Management Plan

By: Steph Kulesza, John Havlin SoilFacts

Changes in the interpretation of North Carolina water quality rules and technical standards allow for the use of on-farm records in the development of waste management plans. This publication describes the use of such records, citing examples. The use of on-farm records can work to an animal producer’s benefit by providing more site-specific information about how an animal waste management system should be operated, particularly with respect to the number of acres of crops necessary to properly utilize the nutrients (mainly nitrogen) in the wastewater.

Simplified Recipes for Poultry Mortality Bin Composting

By: Sanjay Shah, Mark Rice, Joseph Stuckey

This publication provides two simplified recipes for bin composting of routine poultry mortality for producers who may not have complete information about the carbon to nitrogen rations for the amendments available to them.

NC State Local Finished Beef Production Guidelines

By: Matt Poore Local Foods: NC State Finished Beef Production Guidelines

This publication provides production protocol guidelines developed by North Carolina State University and Amazing Grazing to assist producers in creating beef finishing systems.

Applying Animal Waste to Cover Crops

By: Steph Kulesza, Christine Lawson

This publication provides guidance on applying nutrients from animal wastes on cover crops. It provides guidance on cover crop management, nitrogen credits, and application windows.

Supplementation of Native, Perennial Warm-Season Grass Hays and Annual Corn Silages and Preference Among Silages of Annual Grasses: Dry Matter Intake and Digestibility

By: J.C. Burns, D.S. Fisher, E.S. Leonard

The dry matter yield and nutritive value of perennial warm-season grasses and corn silages were evaluated for preference and nutritive value when cut a different maturities and supplemented with crude protein and energy.

Forage Conservation Techniques: Hay Production

By: J. J. Romero, Miguel Castillo, J. C. Burns, Paul Mueller, Jim Green

This publication addresses aspects of hay production as a method of conserving forage crops.

Switchgrass: Establishment, Management, Yield, Nutritive Value, and Utilization

By: Joseph Burns, Douglas Chamblee, John de Ruiter, Dwight Fisher, E. Brent Godshalk, James Green, Robert Keys, Paul Mueller, Dale Wolf, David Timothy, Mark Zarnstorff

This publication summarizes results from 26 studies addressing the establishment, cell wall content, cultivar improvement, defoliation management, nutritive value, and utilization of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) as pasture, or its conservation as hay or silage or harvested as biomass. Both lowland and upland commercial cultivars and lowland germplasms were evaluated and, in some experiments, compared for yield, nutritive value, and quality characteristics. Comparisons were also made with other warm-season grasses. Switchgrass is a forage species having very flexible potentials as a pasture, stored forage, or biomass crop. Cytotypes, also referred to as ecotypes, and cultivar selections within cytotypes are important considerations when growing switchgrass in the Mid-Atlantic because they depend on its intended use and the crop’s geographic location

Sheep Exhibitor Project Guide (7-8 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing sheep for youth aged 7-8.

Certification Training for Operators of Animal Waste Systems - Type A

By: Karl Shaffer, Beth Buffington, David Crouse, Eileen Coite, Tiffanee Conrad, Stefani Garbacik, Amanda Hatcher, Eve Honeycutt, Diana Rashash, Margaret Ross, Becky Spearman, Randy Wood, Kim Woods

This training program is designed to provide operators of animal waste management systems with the basic understanding needed to operate and maintain these systems in an efficient and environmentally sound manner. This manual is not intended to provide all of the technical details for the complete design of a waste management system or an approved animal waste management plan.

Managing Pastures to Feed Your Horse

By: Bob Mowrey, Kevin R. Pond

This publication will explain your horse’s nutritional requirements, and how careful pasture management can produce low-cost, high-quality forage that minimizes or perhaps eliminates the need for feeding grain and mineral supplements.

Forages for North Carolina: General Guidelines and Concepts

By: Miguel Castillo, Paul Mueller, Jim Green

This publication is an overview of forage species and their use in livestock production systems in North Carolina.

Body Condition Scoring: A Management Tool for the Broodmare Owner

By: Bob Mowrey Mare & Foal Nutrition

This publication addresses the effect of body condition on the reproductive performance of mares as well as using the body condition scoring system on mature horses in all production situations to assess and adjust body condition.

Meat Goat Showmanship

By: Matthew Claeys Animal Science Facts

This publication offers information on youth showmanship of meat goats.

Dairy Manure as a Fertilizer Source

By: Joe Zublena, J.C. Barker, D. Wesen SoilFacts

This factsheet explains how to use dairy manure as a fertilizer source. Included are descriptions of nutrient content, application rates and application methods to ensure optimum benefit from the manure. A worksheet is provided for calculating application rates.

Forests as an Alternative for Poultry Manure Application

By: Carl Furiness, Ellis Cowling, Lee Allen, Robert Abt, Doug Frederick, Kelly Zering, Robert Campbell

Applying poultry manure to forestland that needs nitrogen and phosphorus can help poultry producers manage waste and put valuable nutrients to work for forest owners. This publication is based on a research project designed to investigate factors that make forest fertilization with animal manures successful in North Carolina.

Poultry Farm Biosecurity Field Manual / Manual de campo para la bioseguridad de granjas avícolas

By: Abel Gernat

This pocket-size bilingual field manual in English and Spanish summarizes recommended practices to prevent disease organisms from entering a poultry farm. Covered topics include limiting visitors, recommended sanitary practices, disinfectants and training for employees. The guide also includes a bilingual dictionary of words and phrases used often on poultry farms.

How Animal Food Facilities Can Prepare for Regulatory Inspections

By: Marissa Herchler, Adam Fahrenholz

Though they can be a source of worry, the fact of the matter is that many animal food facilities often think about preparing for inspections as the inspectors walk through their doors. One of the reasons for this is because the "what if" questions can be large in number, and so facilities get frustrated with trying to come up with a plan. With this in mind, we asked some regulators what advice they have for facilities in order to be proactive and help make the process go more smoothly. This document presents a number of practices that are not required, but might be useful as facilities prepare for, are subjected to, and evaluate the results of inspections.

Annual Grasses Preserved as Silage: Fermentation Characteristics, Nutritive Value, and Quality

By: J.C. Burns, E.S. Leonard

This bulletin brings together 13 independent experiments that address aspects of fermentation, nutritive value, and quality of cool-season and warm-season annual forages preserved as silage.

Water Intake, Sweat Production and Electrolyte Supplementation in the Horse

By: Bob Mowrey Horse Feeding Management

This factsheet will clarify the water requirements of your horse and provide guidelines for effective electrolyte supplementation.

Additives for Improving Hog Farm Air Quality

By: Sanjay Shah, Philip Westerman, Garry Grabow

Air quality in hog production can be improved by dietary manipulation (e.g., reducing crude protein), technology (spraying oil in the houses), management (regular washdown of pens), or additives. This paper focuses on additives used in shallow pits and lagoons.

Grazing Livestock and Water Quality

By: Noah N. Ranalls, Jim Green, Matt Poore, Roger Hansard, Janet Young Farm*A*Syst

This question and answer worksheet for farmers describes grazing practices and how they affect the sustainability of a livestock operation and water quality. Grazing management, riparian area management and nutrient management best practices are discussed.

Swine Exhibitor's Project Guide (5-6 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing swine for youth aged 5-6.

Swine Exhibitor's Project Guide (7-8 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing swine for youth aged 7-8.

Swine Showmanship

By: Matthew Claeys Animal Science Facts

This publication offers information on youth showmanship of swine.

Overview of NC State Finished Beef Production Guidelines

By: Matt Poore, Asher Wright Local Foods: NC State Finished Beef Production Guidelines

This publication is an introduction to the three production protocol guidelines developed by North Carolina State University and Amazing Grazing to assist producers in creating beef finishing systems.

NC State Local Pasture-Raised and Pasture-Finished Beef Production Guidelines

By: Matt Poore Local Foods: NC State Finished Beef Production Guidelines

This publication provides production protocol guidelines developed by North Carolina State University and Amazing Grazing to assist producers in creating local pasture-raised and pasture-finished beef production systems.

Silages of Native Switchgrass and Gamagrass: Fermentation Characteristics, Nutritive Value, and Quality

By: J.C. Burns, E.S. Leonard

This bulletin publishes the results of eight experiments that addressed aspects of nutritive value and quality of perennial warm-season forages preserved as hay, baleage, and silage.

Warm-Season Perennial Forages Conserved as Hay: Nutritive Value and Quality

By: J.C. Burns, D.S. Fisher, E.S. Leonard

This bulletin brings together 18 independent experiments that address aspects of nutritive value and quality of perennial warm-season forages preserved as hay.

Nitrogen Fertilization of Switchgrass and Gamagrass: Dry Matter Yield and Nutritive Value

By: J.C. Burns, E.S. Leonard

This bulletin publishes the results of two experiments—one with switchgrass and one with gamagrass—that address responses of dry matter yield and nutritive value to nitrogen fertilization when the grasses are cut as hay.

Forage Quality: Concepts and Practices

By: J.J. Romero, Miguel Castillo, J.C. Burns, Shannon Davidson, Philipe Moriel

In this publication, we describe the factors that affect forage quality and discuss prediction indices that can be used to assign a science-based measure of quality to forages.

Poultry Litter Amendments

By: Sanjay Shah, Philip Westerman, James Parsons

This fact sheet discusses different types of amendments that can be used to manage ammonia levels in broiler houses.

Poultry Waste Stockpiling Methods: Environmental Impacts and Their Mitigation

By: Sanjay Shah, Garry Grabow, Lingjuan Wang Li

Due to pollution concerns federal and state regulations and incentives (discussed in this publication) have been established to store poultry waste in a way that reduces pollution and minimizes nutrient losses and odors. Because poultry waste storage regulations vary among states, it is important to check whether a storage method (depending on duration of storage) is acceptable in a particular state.

Certification Training for Operators of Animal Waste Systems - Type B

By: Karl Shaffer, Beth Buffington, David Crouse, Eileen Coite, Tiffanee Conrad, Stefani Garbacik, Amanda Hatcher, Eve Honeycutt, Diana Rashash, Margaret Ross, Becky Spearman, Randy Wood, Kim Woods

This training program is designed to provide operators of animal waste management systems with the basic understanding needed to operate and maintain these systems in an efficient and environmentally sound manner. This manual is not intended to provide all of the technical details for the complete design of a waste management system or an approved animal waste management plan.

Danish Standards for Market Steers

By: Matthew Claeys Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on the Danish standards for market steers.

Meat Goat Exhibitor's Project Guide (5-6 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing meat goats for youth aged 5-6.

Phosphorus Management for Land Application of Biosolids and Animal Waste

By: Karl Shaffer, Deanna Osmond, Sanjay Shah SoilFacts

This publication addresses nutrient management concerns as they relate to land application of animal wastes, municipal biosolids, industrial residuals and agricultural by-products, with a focus on phosphorus application and its impact on the environment. Methods for reducing phosphorus loss from land application sites are presented as general guidance for managers of land application systems, who must be knowledgeable of regulatory issues and permit restrictions as they relate to phosphorus and nutrient management.

Sheep Exhibitor's Project Guide (5-6 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing sheep for youth aged 5-6.

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