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Coccidiosis, the Most Common Cause of Diarrhea in Young Goats

By: JM Luginbuhl, Kevin Anderson Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers some information on the signs, symptoms, and treatment of coccidiosis, the most common cause of diarrhea in young goats.

Nutritional Feeding Management of Meat Goats

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

Goats raised for meat need high quality feed in most situations and require an optimum balance of many different nutrients to achieve maximum profit potential. This publication covers nutritional requirements for meat goats, including water, protein and vitamins.

2018 North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Manual

By: College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

This manual, updated every year, covers pesticide use and safety information, chemical application equipment, fertilizer use, insect control, chemical weed control, plant growth regulators, animal damage control and disease control.

Poisonous Plants to Livestock

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

A guide to many of the plants, shrubs, and flowers that are poisonous to animals.

Controlling Sore Mouth in Meat Goats

By: JM Luginbuhl, Kevin Anderson Animal Science Facts

This publication offers information on the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of sore mouth, a contagious, viral disease that produces thick, scabby sores on the lips and gums and may also be observed on the udders of meat goats.

Vaccinating Goats Against Enterotoxemia and Tetanus: Is it Necessary?

By: JM Luginbuhl, Kevin Anderson Animal Science Facts

It is generally advised that all goats be vaccinated against overeating disease (enterotoxemia) and tetanus. This factsheet offers some information on how and when to give the vaccines for maximum protection.

Forage Conservation Techniques: Silage and Haylage Production

By: J.J. Romero, Miguel Castillo, J.C. Burns

This publication provides information on two forage conservation techniques to help producers select a technique that maximizes nutrient conservation efficiency and minimizes production costs.

Induced Molting of Commercial Layers

By: Ken Anderson

This publication discusses how to molt commercial layer flocks.

Breeds and Production Traits of Meat Goats

By: JM Luginbuhl Animal Science Facts

This publication covers the characteristics and production traits (adaptability, reproductive rate, growth rate, carcass characteristics) of the common meat goat breeds Boer, Spanish, Myotonic, Nubian, and Pygmy.

Forage Needs and Grazing Management for Meat Goats in the Humid Southeast

By: JM Luginbuhl, Matt Poore, Paul Mueller, Jim Green Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on forage needs for meat goats, as well as typical grazing behavior.

Herbicide Carryover in Hay, Manure, Compost, and Grass Clippings

By: Jeanine Davis, Sue Ellen Johnson, Katie Jennings

Many farmers and home gardeners have reported damage to vegetable and flower crops after applying horse or livestock manure, compost, hay, or grass clippings to the soil. The symptoms reported include poor seed germination; death of young plants; twisted, cupped, and elongated leaves; misshapen fruit; and reduced yields. These symptoms can be caused by other factors, including diseases, insects, and herbicide drift. Another possibility for the source of these crop injuries should also be considered: the presence of certain herbicides in the manure, compost, hay, or grass clippings applied to the soil.

Identifying and Responding to Factors That Can Affect Egg Quality and Appearance

By: Ken Anderson, Darrin Karcher, Deanna Jones

This publication is a useful resource that shell egg producers can use to identify egg defects and possible factors contributing to egg quality issues. It also provides corrective measures for each defect so that producers can incorporate these solutions into their production systems.

Nutrition of Newborn Kids: Colostrum and Bottle-Feeding

By: JM Luginbuhl

Colostrum is the first thick yellowish milk produced by the doe after giving birth. Colostrum contains maternal antibodies that help the goat kid develop its immune system to fight diseases. Colostrum should be ingested or bottle-fed very early in life as soon as kids have a suckling reflex.

Keeping Garden Chickens in North Carolina

By: Anne Edwards, Donna Carver

A guide for urban residents who want to raise backyard chickens. Includes information about breed selection, feeding, housing, flock health, litter and pest management and coop construction.

Guidelines for the Commercial Application of Poultry Litter

By: David Crouse SoilFacts

A summary of North Carolina rules and regulations governing the purchasing, handling, application and reporting of poultry litter by commercial haulers. This publication also includes a sample agreement between growers and haulers regarding who has responsibility for the various stages of litter handling.

Modified McMaster's Fecal Egg Counting Technique

By: Heather Glennon

A guide to counting fecal eggs in meat goats, modified from the McMaster Procedure.

Consider Breeding Your Does to Target Ethnic Holidays Where Goat Meat Is Part of the Traditional Holiday Feast

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

Many ethnic holidays include goat meat as part of traditional celebrations. This factsheet serves as an ethnic holiday calendar and guide for meat goat producers.

Listeriosis in Your Herd

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

A Q&A on listeriosis in goats, including causes, symptoms, prevention and risk to humans.

Forages for North Carolina: General Guidelines and Concepts

By: Miguel Castillo, Paul Mueller, Jim Green

This publication is an overview of forage species and their use in livestock production systems in North Carolina.

Heat Detection and Breeding in Meat Goats

By: JM Luginbuhl Animal Science Facts

This publication covers the signs of heat in does and some basic information on breeding meat goats.

Basic Meat Goat Facts

By: JM Luginbuhl Animal Science Facts

This factsheet gives at-a-glance information on a variety of meat goat facts, including reproductive aspects, health habits and signs of illness.

Horse Flies and Deer Flies

By: Michael Waldvogel, Charles Apperson Biting and Stinging Pests

This Entomology Insect Note discusses identifying horse and deer flies and how to control them.

Fetal Programming: Cow Nutrition and its Effects on Calf Performance

By: Philipe Moriel Animal Science Facts

Recently, a lot of researchers have demonstrated that cow nutrition can impact more than just pregnancy rates. In this publication, we will summarize some of the recent data showing the effects of poor cow nutrition on calf growth and performance.

Laminitis or Founder

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

A Q&A on laminitis, an inflammation of the hoof, in meat goats, including causes, symptoms, and treatment options.

Preparing Meat Goats for the Breeding Season

By: JM Luginbuhl Animal Science Facts

This publication offers information on how to prep does and bucks for the meat goat breeding season to improve the outcome and profitability of the operation.

Waste Analysis

By: David Crouse, Kristin Hicks SoilFacts

This factsheet clarifies the importance of waste analysis and describes the procedures for taking reliable samples and submitting them to the Agronomic Division of the North Carolina Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services (NCDA&CS).

Precision Agriculture Technology: How to Become a Commercial Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Pilot

By: Gary Roberson

This publication discusses flying unmanned aerial vehicles (drones, model aircraft) for commercial purposes. You'll learn about the requirements becoming a commercial UAV pilot and how to obtain a remote pilot certificate.

Lice: What They Are and How to Control Them

By: Wes Watson, JM Luginbuhl Animal Science Facts

Information on the different types of lice, diagnosis and treatment is presented in this factsheet. Lice are a common group of ectoparasitic insects of goats; infested animals are uncomfortable and often cause structural damage to farm facilities by rubbing and scratching on fences and posts.

Housing and Facilities for Meat Goats

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

This publication discusses housing and working facilities that will meet shelter needs for meat goats.

Monitoring the Body Condition of Meat Goats: A Key to Successful Management

By: JM Luginbuhl, Matt Poore Animal Science Facts

This publication offers information on monitoring the body condition of meat goats in order to increase reproductive success.

Explaining the North Carolina Egg Law for Producers with Small Flocks

By: Ken Anderson

This publication is targeted toward small producers who may be contemplating entering into egg sales at some level.

Brooding Turkeys

By: Charles Brewer, W. C. Mills Poultry Science and Technology Guide

This publication describes the importance of brooder house management for good flock longevity. Preparing the brooder house, space and equipment requirements and practicing good husbandry are all covered.

Co-Grazing Meat Goats and Beef Cattle Has Many Advantages

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

This factsheet presents several advantages to co-grazing meat goats and beef cattle.

NC State Local Grass-Fed Beef Production Guidelines

By: Matt Poore Local Foods: NC State Finished Beef Production Guidelines

This publication provides production protocol guidelines developed by North Carolina State University and Amazing Grazing to assist producers in creating local grass-fed beef production systems.

Poultry Farm Biosecurity Field Manual / Manual de campo para la bioseguridad de granjas avícolas

By: Abel Gernat

This pocket-size bilingual field manual in English and Spanish summarizes recommended practices to prevent disease organisms from entering a poultry farm. Covered topics include limiting visitors, recommended sanitary practices, disinfectants and training for employees. The guide also includes a bilingual dictionary of words and phrases used often on poultry farms.

Commercial Emu Production

By: Gary S. Davis

This publication discusses commercial emu production. Topics covered include getting started with an emu business, housing and facilities, nutrition, breeder flock management, hatchery management, incubation requirements and brooding and health.

Swine Manure as a Fertilizer Source

By: Joe Zublena, J. C. Barker, J. W. Parker, C. Stanislaw SoilFacts

This factsheet explains the three factors of proper swine manure management: the nutrient content of the manure, the percentages of those nutrients that are available to the plant and the nutrient requirements of the plant.

Managing Pastures to Feed Your Horse

By: Bob Mowrey, Kevin R. Pond

This publication will explain your horse’s nutritional requirements, and how careful pasture management can produce low-cost, high-quality forage that minimizes or perhaps eliminates the need for feeding grain and mineral supplements.

Decreasing Barber Pole Larvae Population on Grass Pastures: Is Liquid Nitrogen Fertilizer a Viable Alternative?

By: JM Luginbuhl

Barber pole larvae show increased resistance to commercial anthelmintics drenched to small ruminant livestock, and producers are looking for other alternatives. What about bypassing the livestock entirely and applying a larvicidal product directly on the pasture itself?

Swine Exhibitor's Project Guide (7-8 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing swine for youth aged 7-8.

Swine Showmanship

By: Matthew Claeys Animal Science Facts

This publication offers information on youth showmanship of swine.

Commercial Ostrich Production

By: Gary S. Davis

This publication discusses commercial ostrich production. Topics covered include getting started with an ostrich business, nutrition, breeder flock management, hatchery management, incubation requirements and brooding.

Foot Scald

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

A Q&A on foot scald in meat goats, including signs and symptoms and treatment options.

Sheep Exhibitor's Project Guide (5-6 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing sheep for youth aged 5-6.

Certification Training for Operators of Animal Waste Systems - Type A

By: Karl Shaffer, Beth Buffington, David Crouse, Eileen Coite, Tiffanee Conrad, Stefani Garbacik, Amanda Hatcher, Eve Honeycutt, Diana Rashash, Margaret Ross, Becky Spearman, Randy Wood, Kim Woods

This training program is designed to provide operators of animal waste management systems with the basic understanding needed to operate and maintain these systems in an efficient and environmentally sound manner. This manual is not intended to provide all of the technical details for the complete design of a waste management system or an approved animal waste management plan.

Swine Exhibitor's Project Guide (5-6 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing swine for youth aged 5-6.

Meat Goat Showmanship

By: Matthew Claeys Animal Science Facts

This publication offers information on youth showmanship of meat goats.

Meat Goat Exhibitor's Project Guide (7-8 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing meat goats for youth aged 7-8.

Simplified Recipes for Poultry Mortality Bin Composting

By: Sanjay Shah, Mark Rice, Joseph Stuckey

This publication provides two simplified recipes for bin composting of routine poultry mortality for producers who may not have complete information about the carbon to nitrogen rations for the amendments available to them.

Poultry Manure as a Fertilizer Source

By: Joe Zublena, J. C. Barker, T. A. Carter SoilFacts

This factsheet describes the nutrient composition of poultry manure and land application techniques based on matching the nutritional requirements of the crop with the nutrients available in manure. This publication also includes a worksheet to determine the nutrient needs of your crop.

Induced Molting as a Management Tool

By: Ken Anderson

Because of increasing economic pressure related to capital costs, egg prices, feed prices, and replacement pullet costs, the commercial egg industry must maximize the use of its resources. The need to lower production costs have led many enterprises to use induced molting programs.

Livestock and Poultry Buildings After the Flood

By: James Barker, Gerald Baughman, Robert Bottcher, Robert Evans, Roberto Munilla, Mark Rice, Ronald Sheffield, Philip Westerman, Morgan Morrow, Jesse Grimes Disaster Recovery

This publication offers a checklist for farmers to ensure the safety and security of poultry and livestock, as well as the buildings that house them, after a flood or other disaster.

Grazing Livestock and Water Quality

By: Noah N. Ranalls, Jim Green, Matt Poore, Roger Hansard, Janet Young Farm*A*Syst

This question and answer worksheet for farmers describes grazing practices and how they affect the sustainability of a livestock operation and water quality. Grazing management, riparian area management and nutrient management best practices are discussed.

Foot Rot

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

A Q&A on foot rot, a contagious disease of the hooves of goats and sheep.

Reducing Drift and Odor with Wastewater Application

By: David Crouse, Sanjay Shah SoilFacts

This publication addresses application techniques that affect drift and odor problems associated with wastewater application, so that managers and designers of land application systems can make wise decisions on how to apply wastewater with minimal impact on neighbors and the environment.

Matching Forages to the Nutrient Needs of Meat Goats

By: Paul Mueller, Matt Poore, JM Luginbuhl, Jim Green

Grazing behavior and nutrient requirements in forages for meat goats is discussed in this factsheet.

Market Lamb Showmanship

By: Matthew Claeys Animal Science Facts

This publication offers information on youth showmanship of market lambs.

Pink Eye or Infectious Keratoconjunctivitis

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

A Q&A on pink eye (infectious keratoconjunctivitis) in meat goats.

NC State Local Pasture-Raised and Pasture-Finished Beef Production Guidelines

By: Matt Poore Local Foods: NC State Finished Beef Production Guidelines

This publication provides production protocol guidelines developed by North Carolina State University and Amazing Grazing to assist producers in creating local pasture-raised and pasture-finished beef production systems.

NC State Local Finished Beef Production Guidelines

By: Matt Poore Local Foods: NC State Finished Beef Production Guidelines

This publication provides production protocol guidelines developed by North Carolina State University and Amazing Grazing to assist producers in creating beef finishing systems.

Herd Animal Death Problems

By: JM Luginbuhl, Kevin Anderson, Heather Glennon Animal Science Facts

Animal necropsies attempt to determine the cause of death and whether it affects a concern for the herd or flock of origin. This guide offers tips and guidelines for having a necropsy done on a dead animal.

Feed Sampling and Analysis

By: Bob Mowrey, Mike Yoder, Tim Potter Horse Feeding Management

This publication explains how horse owners should routinely evaluate the nutrient content of their horses' feed. It also covers interpreting feed analysis reports to understand the actual nutrient content of feeds and develop balanced, cost-effective diets.

Forage Conservation Techniques: Hay Production

By: J. J. Romero, Miguel Castillo, J. C. Burns, Paul Mueller, Jim Green

This publication addresses aspects of hay production as a method of conserving forage crops.

Forage Quality Indices for Selecting Hay

By: Miguel Castillo, Juan José Romero

This publication provides an overview of the differences in forage quality by reviewing a summary of forage hay samples submitted to the N.C. State Fair Forage Contest over a 20 year period. It also discusses tools for ranking the quality of forages.

Beef Showmanship

By: Matthew Claeys Animal Science Facts

This publication offers information on youth showmanship of beef cattle.

Overview of NC State Finished Beef Production Guidelines

By: Matt Poore, Asher Wright Local Foods: NC State Finished Beef Production Guidelines

This publication is an introduction to the three production protocol guidelines developed by North Carolina State University and Amazing Grazing to assist producers in creating beef finishing systems.

Dairy Manure as a Fertilizer Source

By: Joe Zublena, J.C. Barker, D. Wesen SoilFacts

This factsheet explains how to use dairy manure as a fertilizer source. Included are descriptions of nutrient content, application rates and application methods to ensure optimum benefit from the manure. A worksheet is provided for calculating application rates.

Toxoplasmosis

By: JM Luginbuhl Meat Goat Notes

A Q&A on toxoplasmosis, a parasite that can cause disease in the placenta and developing fetus of pregnant goats and sheep.

Body Condition Scoring: A Management Tool for the Broodmare Owner

By: Bob Mowrey Mare & Foal Nutrition

This publication addresses the effect of body condition on the reproductive performance of mares as well as using the body condition scoring system on mature horses in all production situations to assess and adjust body condition.

Phosphorus Management for Land Application of Biosolids and Animal Waste

By: Karl Shaffer, Deanna Osmond, Sanjay Shah SoilFacts

This publication addresses nutrient management concerns as they relate to land application of animal wastes, municipal biosolids, industrial residuals and agricultural by-products, with a focus on phosphorus application and its impact on the environment. Methods for reducing phosphorus loss from land application sites are presented as general guidance for managers of land application systems, who must be knowledgeable of regulatory issues and permit restrictions as they relate to phosphorus and nutrient management.

Evaluation of a Cow-Calf Grazing System in the Piedmont: Animal Performance and Pasture Productivity

By: J.C. Burns, D.S. Fisher

In the North-South transition zone both cool-season and warm-season, perennial grasses can be grown and have potential to be used sequentially in a cow-calf production system. This five-year experiment evaluates tall fescue and bermudagrass, grown in separate stands but grazed in sequence, as a pasture system for the Piedmont. The study evaluates two levels of nitrogen fertilization and variable stocking versus a range of fixed stocked treatments.

Meat Goat Exhibitor's Project Guide (5-6 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing meat goats for youth aged 5-6.

Danish Standards for Market Steers

By: Matthew Claeys Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on the Danish standards for market steers.

Using Animal Manures in Forest Fertilization

By: Cari Furiness, Ellis Cowling, Lee Allen, Robert Abt, Doug Frederick, Kelly Zering, Robert Campbell

Applying animal manure to forestland can help animal producers manage waste and supply forest owners with low-cost, slow-release nutrients that enhance production of forest crops. This publication is based on a research project designed to investigate factors that make forest fertilization with animal manures successful in North Carolina.

Supplementation of Native, Perennial Warm-Season Grass Hays and Annual Corn Silages and Preference Among Silages of Annual Grasses: Dry Matter Intake and Digestibility

By: J.C. Burns, D.S. Fisher, E.S. Leonard

The dry matter yield and nutritive value of perennial warm-season grasses and corn silages were evaluated for preference and nutritive value when cut a different maturities and supplemented with crude protein and energy.

Sheep Exhibitor Project Guide (7-8 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing sheep for youth aged 7-8.

Use of On-Farm Records for Modifying a Certified Animal Waste Management Plan

By: David Crouse, John Havlin SoilFacts

Changes in the interpretation of North Carolina water quality rules and technical standards allow for the use of on-farm records in the development of waste management plans. This publication describes the use of such records, citing examples. The use of on-farm records can work to an animal producer’s benefit by providing more site-specific information about how an animal waste management system should be operated, particularly with respect to the number of acres of crops necessary to properly utilize the nutrients (mainly nitrogen) in the wastewater.

Beef Exhibitor's Project Guide (5-6 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing beef cattle for youth aged 5-6.

Water Intake, Sweat Production and Electrolyte Supplementation in the Horse

By: Bob Mowrey Horse Feeding Management

This factsheet will clarify the water requirements of your horse and provide guidelines for effective electrolyte supplementation.

Beef Exhibitor's Project Guide (7-8 Years of Age)

By: Matthew Claeys, Sharon Rogers Animal Science Facts

This factsheet offers information on showing beef cattle for youth aged 7-8.

Forage Quality: Concepts and Practices

By: J.J. Romero, Miguel Castillo, J.C. Burns, Shannon Davidson, Philipe Moriel

In this publication, we describe the factors that affect forage quality and discuss prediction indices that can be used to assign a science-based measure of quality to forages.

Forests as an Alternative for Poultry Manure Application

By: Carl Furiness, Ellis Cowling, Lee Allen, Robert Abt, Doug Frederick, Kelly Zering, Robert Campbell

Applying poultry manure to forestland that needs nitrogen and phosphorus can help poultry producers manage waste and put valuable nutrients to work for forest owners. This publication is based on a research project designed to investigate factors that make forest fertilization with animal manures successful in North Carolina.

Silages of Native Switchgrass and Gamagrass: Fermentation Characteristics, Nutritive Value, and Quality

By: J.C. Burns, E.S. Leonard

This bulletin publishes the results of eight experiments that addressed aspects of nutritive value and quality of perennial warm-season forages preserved as hay, baleage, and silage.

Forests as an Alternative for Swine Manure Application

By: Cari Furiness, Ellis Cowling, Lee Allen, Robert Abt, Doug Frederick, Kelly Zering, Robert Campbell

Applying swine manure to forestland that needs nitrogen and phosphorus can help swine producers manage waste and put valuable nutrients to work for forest owners. This publication is based on a research project designed to investigate factors that make fertilizing with animal manures successful in North Carolina.

Nitrogen Fertilization of Switchgrass and Gamagrass: Dry Matter Yield and Nutritive Value

By: J.C. Burns, E.S. Leonard

This bulletin publishes the results of two experiments—one with switchgrass and one with gamagrass—that address responses of dry matter yield and nutritive value to nitrogen fertilization when the grasses are cut as hay.

Grazing Behavior of Steers Offered Different Warm-season Grass Canopies: Nutritive Value and Particle-size Characteristics of the Diets

By: J.C. Burns, D.S. Fisher, E.S. Leonard

The dry matter yield and nutritive value of flaccidgrass, with potential as a ruminant feed as well as for biomass stock and adapted to the Mid-Atlantic Region, was evaluated for its response to a range of nitrogen rates when cut at three maturities.

Annual Grasses Preserved as Silage: Fermentation Characteristics, Nutritive Value, and Quality

By: J.C. Burns, E.S. Leonard

This bulletin brings together 13 independent experiments that address aspects of fermentation, nutritive value, and quality of cool-season and warm-season annual forages preserved as silage.

Potential in the Upper South for Interseeding a Legume into Upland Switchgrass: Yield and Nutritive Value

By: J.C. Burns, D.S. Fisher, E.S. Leonard

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), a long-term perennial, warm-season grass, declines in nutritive value with advancing maturity and increased yield potential. This experiment evaluated the potential of interseeding either perennial legumes or an annual legume into an established stand of upland switchgrass to improve nutritive value while attaining desirable dry matter yields.

Ruminant Preference for Bermudagrass Hay With and Without Exposure to Swine Lagoon Effluent

By: J.C. Burns, D.S. Fisher, E.S. Leonard

Bermudagrass hays cut from a swine lagoon spray field prior to and following effluent application and hays cut from a non-waste bermudagrass field were evaluated for preference based on short-term dry matter intake by cattle, sheep, and goats.

Switchgrass: Establishment, Management, Yield, Nutritive Value, and Utilization

By: Joseph Burns, Douglas Chamblee, John de Ruiter, Dwight Fisher, E. Brent Godshalk, James Green, Robert Keys, Paul Mueller, Dale Wolf, David Timothy, Mark Zarnstorff

This publication summarizes results from 26 studies addressing the establishment, cell wall content, cultivar improvement, defoliation management, nutritive value, and utilization of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) as pasture, or its conservation as hay or silage or harvested as biomass. Both lowland and upland commercial cultivars and lowland germplasms were evaluated and, in some experiments, compared for yield, nutritive value, and quality characteristics. Comparisons were also made with other warm-season grasses. Switchgrass is a forage species having very flexible potentials as a pasture, stored forage, or biomass crop. Cytotypes, also referred to as ecotypes, and cultivar selections within cytotypes are important considerations when growing switchgrass in the Mid-Atlantic because they depend on its intended use and the crop’s geographic location

Warm-Season Perennial Forages Conserved as Hay: Nutritive Value and Quality

By: J.C. Burns, D.S. Fisher, E.S. Leonard

This bulletin brings together 18 independent experiments that address aspects of nutritive value and quality of perennial warm-season forages preserved as hay.

Certification Training for Operators of Animal Waste Systems - Type B

By: Karl Shaffer, Beth Buffington, David Crouse, Eileen Coite, Tiffanee Conrad, Stefani Garbacik, Amanda Hatcher, Eve Honeycutt, Diana Rashash, Margaret Ross, Becky Spearman, Randy Wood, Kim Woods

This training program is designed to provide operators of animal waste management systems with the basic understanding needed to operate and maintain these systems in an efficient and environmentally sound manner. This manual is not intended to provide all of the technical details for the complete design of a waste management system or an approved animal waste management plan.

Carostan Flaccidgrass: Yield and Nutritive Value Responses to Nitrogen Fertilization and Cutting Management

By: Joseph C. Burns, D.S. Fisher, E.S. Leonard

The dry matter yield and nutritive value of the perennial warm-season grass, flaccidgrass (with potential as a ruminant feed as well as for biomass stock and adapted to the Mid-Atlantic region), was evaluated for its response to a range of nitrogen rates when cut at three maturities.