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This publication discusses reforestation practices and the information needed to analyze a reforestation investment.
Forest carbon is considered as a forest product that can be a viable alternative source of income for forest landowners. This note describes the forest carbon market today and explains the possible opportunity it represents for certain forests. This note is a basic overview for landowners.
Forest certification is a third-party evaluation of the management of a forest. Certification systems assure the consumer that the product they are purchasing meets certain standards as verified by an independent evaluation. This publication describes forest certification systems, procedures, and potential for landowners.
Climate-smart forestry (CSF) is a recent ‘buzz word’ among forestry communities in the United States, specifically in the policy front. It is a targeted and long-term strategy to augment climate benefits from forests and the forest sector in a manner that complements other forest-based goods and services.
This publication discusses the process for valuing immature timber stands that may have been lost due to natural disasters, theft, or condemnation. It explains the method for valuing young forest stands that may not be appraised under typical timber appraisal methods.
Recently, several new initiatives in forest carbon markets have emerged simplifying the carbon project development process, criteria, and financial requirements. This short note provides a clear snapshots of the major forest carbon market developers in the United States and their features and requirements.
Amidst the looming COVID-19 pandemic, the logging industry has sustained a 30-35% loss in the last three months, which translates to around a $60-70 million loss to the North Carolina economy.
Landowners share a deep connection to their land and the legacy they’ll leave behind. With so many conservation options to consider, landowners need to have a working knowledge of the choices to protect their land in the near and long term. Landowners should identify their goals before embarking upon a conservation strategy. Once a conservation strategy is selected, then the implications of state and federal taxes can be explored. This publication reviews the most common land conservation and protection options.
This publication provides an overview of the Present-Use Value (PUV) property tax program in North Carolina, with an emphasis on disposition and transfer situations that may imperil continued enrollment.
This publication provides an introduction to the various financial incentives available to woodlot owners. Both federal and state governments offer financial incentive programs; several of these programs provide cost-sharing payments that reimburse landowners for timber management activities. Other programs provide tax incentives, tax credits and deductions for reforestation expenses.
This publication explores innovative uses for mass timber in wood-based building materials. These mass timber products represent a new and eco-friendly forest product with great potential in southern timber markets.
This publication provides information regarding lumber production by North Carolina manufacturers over a 19-year time series, 1998 through 2016, along with consumption statistics by downstream sectors and final users.
This publication offers an overview of the sawmill industry in North Carolina.
This publication details simple, practical actions you can take to minimize costs and impacts while growing healthy pines. Specific focus is placed on maintaining forest health and productivity suited for a range of future conditions.
This publication discusses contributions the forest sector makes to the North Carolina economy.
Woody biomass harvesting for renewable energy generation and bio-based products is likely to increase in North Carolina - sparked by higher energy prices and government policies to promote renewable energy. The expansion of a wood-based energy industry has prompted concerns about intensified forest biomass removal and its potential impact on water, wildlife, biodiversity and site nutrients. This publication reviews common, cost effective strategies that minimize, prevent, or mitigate harvest impacts.
High fossil fuel costs and concerns about climate change have thrust low-cost, home-grown renewable fuels, like wood, into the energy spotlight. The enactment of North Carolina’s Renewable Energy Portfolio has increased the interest and opportunities to burn wood fuel to make electricity, heat, and steam. This factsheet reviews the air quality impacts of supplementing fossil fuels with woody biomass and current regulation on emissions from wood-fired plants.
In this note, we explore the key provisions and funding allocations affecting forestry, wildfire management, and workforce development.
List of 2020 income by county of North Carolina timber harvested and delivered to mills. Data includes acres and percentage of timberland, stumpage value, delivered value and rank within the state.
The Congress passed the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018, commonly known as the 2018 Farm Bill, in December 2018. This bill modifies and reauthorizes several agricultural and natural resource assistance programs for the next five years. In this article, we present some of the forestry related programs and their updates in the 2018 Farm Bill that are relevant for forest landowners.
This publication reviews the basic steps and cost factors associated with woody biomass harvest, processing, and transportation. This provides the landowner with the basic technology and general economics of biomass production in North Carolina and forest management options currently available.
This publication reports the results of an educational needs assessment of North Carolina’s non-industrial private forest owners conducted by NC State Extension Forestry in 2020.
This factsheet, part of a series on forestry impacts in North Carolina, offers information specific to
2017 income estimates ranked by county for standing timber and timber harvest and delivered to the mill. Includes estimate of timberland by county.
NC State Extension is responsible for providing educational opportunities to over 525,000 non industrial private forest (NIPF) landowners who own 65% of North Carolina’s valuable forest resource. For these landowners to be able to make informed decisions concerning the management of their forest land NC State Extension must be able to provide educational opportunities based on the landowner’s educational needs. To determine these educational needs, NC State Extension Forestry conducted a state-wide survey of a sample of 3000 NC NIPF landowners across 15 of the 100 North Carolina counties. The purpose of the needs assessment was to collect the necessary data needed to determine program priorities and preferred delivery methods of the landowners. The information collected through this survey, which is summarized below, will be used in the development of educational programs and approaches that meet the educational needs of NIPF landowners in North Carolina.
2016 income estimates ranked by county for standing timber and timber harvest and delivered to the mill. Includes estimate of timberland by county.
This publication offers county-level income data of North Carolina timber harvested and delivered to mills.
This publication describes how emerging biomass markets can increase your timber health and productivity through harvesting, stand replacement, thinning, crop tree release and fuel reduction.
This publication describes the types of forests and conditions that can be improved by biomass harvesting, and where such harvest may be less than ideal, to help you determine the right management choice for your land and situation.
This publication breaks down how the forest sector contributed to the North Carolina economy in 2016, including employment, labor income, and more for North Carolina’s 13 congressional districts
2019 income estimates ranked by county for standing timber and timber harvest and delivered to the mill. Includes estimate of timberland by county.