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This publication provides the basic concepts of tree identification using observation and a dichotomous key. It features an illustrated guide to distinguishing leaf characteristics, instructions for using a dichotomous key, and illustrated descriptions of 21 common trees in North Carolina.
This publication lists and defines more than 150 forest resource terms to help you in conversing with others about forestry matters and in making informed decisions about your forestland.
This publication offers tips on marketing and selling, timber terminology, examples of timber sale agreements and advice on seeking professional help from a consulting forester. By using this guide, landowners can make their next (or first) timber sale a pleasant and profitable experience.
This publication explains the major laws impacting a landowner’s liability in North Carolina and the responsibilities landowners have for invited and uninvited users of their property.
This publication discusses how zoning and land use regulations impact the practice of forestry in North Carolina. The publication also explains planning jurisdictions, components of a zoning ordinance, and where to go for more information.
This is a quick-reference list of conversion factors used by the Bioenergy Feedstock Development Programs at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. It was compiled from a wide range of sources, and is designed to be concise and convenient rather than all-inclusive.
This publication explains how to determine the volume of a tree using a scale (Biltmore) stick and provides a template for making a scale stick.
This publication covers chemical weed control and weed response to a variety of crops.
This publication describes tree protection strategies that builders and developers can use before, during and after construction to conserve healthy trees. Communication action to encourage tree protection and reduce the risk of injuring or losing valuable trees is highlighted.
Qualified North Carolina owners of soundly managed commercial forestland have been eligible for property tax reductions since 1974 through the state’s forestry present-use property tax program. To be eligible for Forestry Present Use Valuation, qualified forestland must be actively engaged in the commercial growing of trees under sound management (NC General Statues 105 277.2- 277.7). Commercial growing of trees will entail a harvest as a thinning, partial, or complete harvest of trees (as prescribed in the forest management plan filed with the county tax office). This publication provides a brief overview of the complicated law.
This publication provides guidance on who is responsible for the maintenance and care of public and private trees in a community.
A compass and pacing can be useful in many different woodlot activities. A compass can indicate the direction you are headed relative to magnetic north, and pacing is a simple means of measuring linear distance by walking. This publication will help you use a compass to determine direction and determine your pace.
This publication discusses contributions the forest sector makes to the North Carolina economy.
This publication discusses the contributions that North Carolina’s forests and forest products industry provide to the state’s economy and presents key figures and statistics.
Learn how communities across North Carolina can protect and retain trees. This guide is based on a statewide review of municipal and county land use and tree protection regulations. The authors provide examples of ordinances in North Carolina that regulate tree removal, maintenance and replacement. They also discuss enforcement, incentives and alternatives and common tree conservation issues that NC communities face.
This publication for landowners discusses the importance of consulting a professional forester before selling timber and describes the credentials held by reputable foresters.
Historic price data for standing timber from 1976-2020 for North Carolina. Data are reported for four timber product categories (pine sawtimber and pulpwood, and mixed hardwood sawtimber and pulpwood) for Eastern North Carolina, Western North Carolina, the State of North Carolina, and the Southeast United States.
This publication discusses how communities use tree ordinances as tools to protect trees, preserve green space and promote healthy, managed urban forests. To protect trees and prevent their loss in the urban environment, communities need to understand tree ordinances, their limitations and their proper implementation.
Woodland owners harvest trees for financial and personal reasons. Deciding when is the optimal time to harvest is difficult for most woodland owners. However, this important decision strongly dictates future condition, growth and composition of the next stand of trees and, ultimately, your bottom line. Some basic economic principles can help you make harvesting and other key woodland management decisions. Using loblolly pine in North Carolina as an example, this publication demonstrates the optimal time to harvest based on financial maturity.
This publication provides an introduction to the various financial incentives available to woodlot owners. Both federal and state governments offer financial incentive programs; several of these programs provide cost-sharing payments that reimburse landowners for timber management activities. Other programs provide tax incentives, tax credits and deductions for reforestation expenses.
This publication examines tree protection regulations, zoning and other ordinances. Guidance is offered on how to practice forestry under existing regulations and on how involvement in the community can retain forestry as a viable land use.
Historic price data for delivered timber, prices paid upon delivery to the mill, from 1988-2020 for North Carolina. Data are reported for four timber product categories (pine sawtimber and pulpwood, and mixed hardwood sawtimber and pulpwood) for Eastern North Carolina, Western North Carolina, the State of North Carolina, and the Southeast United States.
Improving small woodlands is a step-by-step process. This publication will help wooodland owners become familiar with these steps, with the concepts of woodscaping and with ways to integrate concerns for wildlife, beauty and resource management in a manner that is compatible with current land-use activities.
If you live in a home or community that may be vulnerable to wildfires, this publication will teach you how to create and maintain a fire-resistant landscape and reduce your risk of damage from a wildfire while achieving other landscape objectives.
This factsheet, part of a series on forestry impacts in North Carolina, offers specific information on Iredell County.
This publication outlines the requirements and benefits of voluntary agricultural district programs in North Carolina and explains how forest landowners can join these programs.
This factsheet describes in greater detail the methodology used to estimate the economic contributions of North Carolina’s forest products industry. It is a companion piece to the bulletin North Carolina’s Forests and Forest Products Industry By the Numbers, where a variety of figures and statistics are provided on the management and conversion of standing timber into primary and secondary wood and fiber products.
Following a storm timber owners are often interested in salvaging their timber, but the utilization of storm-damaged timber depends on physical damage to trees and the length of time between damage and harvest. This publication provides guidelines for the utilization of storm-damaged timber.
When storms damage woodlands and shade trees, woodland owners and homeowners have many questions about what to do with their damaged trees. This factsheet outlines guidelines for quick decision making and priority setting.
This brochure describes the economic, environmental and health benefits that urban trees provide to a community. It provides a list of organizations to contact for more information about urban forestry.
2016 income estimates ranked by county for standing timber and timber harvest and delivered to the mill. Includes estimate of timberland by county.
This publication reports the results of an educational needs assessment of North Carolina’s non-industrial private forest owners conducted by NC State Extension Forestry in 2020.
This publication introduces readers to the seven steps involved in implementing crop tree management. The publication is tailored to Southeast species, objectives, and forest conditions and explains how the approach might be applied to trees for wildlife, water quality, timber and aesthetics.
Prism sweep and line intercept methods were compared for accuracy and efficiency to measure woody biomass residues on a recently harvested site in Eastern North Carolina. A 100% tally control on 0.1 acre plots was used to compare volume estimates of tested methods. Estimates of residual volume were accurate and not significantly different. Prism sweeps required an average of three minutes per plot, whereas line intersect samples averaged seventeen minutes per plot. Prism sweeps were accurate and five times more efficient than line intersect samples.
List of 2020 income by county of North Carolina timber harvested and delivered to mills. Data includes acres and percentage of timberland, stumpage value, delivered value and rank within the state.
This publication provides a set of budget tools for the ten most promising nature-based solutions for flood reduction in Eastern North Carolina, which include common farm practices of no-till, cover crops, and tree planting to more complex NBS of wetland creation, water farming, and low-rise earthen berms and retention basins with flashboard risers. These budget tools are the result of research termed “FloodWise” to describe the water quality, flood mitigation, farm benefits, and community engagement and governance connections.
2019 income estimates ranked by county for standing timber and timber harvest and delivered to the mill. Includes estimate of timberland by county.
This publication explores proven ways to plan, construct and interpret various types of recreational forest trails.
This publication provides an overview of woodlands management and a step-by-step process landowners can use to begin developing a management plan for their woodlands. It includes worksheets for defining goals and objectives, prioritizing land uses, identifying needs, and planning management activities.
NC State Extension is responsible for providing educational opportunities to over 525,000 non industrial private forest (NIPF) landowners who own 65% of North Carolina’s valuable forest resource. For these landowners to be able to make informed decisions concerning the management of their forest land NC State Extension must be able to provide educational opportunities based on the landowner’s educational needs. To determine these educational needs, NC State Extension Forestry conducted a state-wide survey of a sample of 3000 NC NIPF landowners across 15 of the 100 North Carolina counties. The purpose of the needs assessment was to collect the necessary data needed to determine program priorities and preferred delivery methods of the landowners. The information collected through this survey, which is summarized below, will be used in the development of educational programs and approaches that meet the educational needs of NIPF landowners in North Carolina.
Forest harvest residue (FHR) is an important environmental component, but how do you measure it? The recent surge and interest in renewable energy in the U.S., including wood energy, has brought growing concern about the impact of biomass removal and its impact on biodiversity, water quality and long-term site productivity. This document will describe how to rapidly inventory scattered and piled FHR.
In North Carolina there is over 11 million acres of woodlands owned by 469,000 family forest landowners. These owners own their land for many reasons: family legacy, recreation, aesthetics, wildlife, and investment. The majority of these owners, over 55 percent, though own less then 10 acres of woodlands and are motivated mostly by noneconomic reasons to keep and nurture these woodlots. Many of these owners are unaware of the support and assistance available to them from state and federal agencies and programs that are designed to support forestry because they do not consider themselves forest owners or are unaware of such resources. If you are one of these owners of small woodlots this publication will provide you information on things you should consider in the management and care of your woodlot and who maybe able to provide you further information and assistance.
North Carolina has over 2 million acres of woodlands in holdings less than 20 acres in size (Brown, et. al. 2007). These small woodlots range from parcels in larger forested areas to patches of green infrastructure in our urban communities. The majority of these woodlands are owned by over 341,000 families (Brown, et. al. 2007) and go unmanaged. These woodlands provide environmental, economical, and social benefits to their owners and to the communities in which they are found. Through management planning woodland owners and communities can enhance these benefits by developing a road map to the future. Managing these woodlands to improve their benefits is a step-by-step process and this publication is a guide that will help lead those interested in developing a management plan through the process.
This factsheet, part of a series on forestry impacts in North Carolina, offers information specific to Herford County.
This factsheet, part of a series on forestry impacts in North Carolina, offers information specific to Duplin County
This factsheet, part of a series on forestry impacts in North Carolina, offers information specific to Lincoln County
This publication is a guide for states where military installations, agriculture, other compatible economic development, and natural resources drive the economy. This guide introduces the NCSLP and offers recommendations for developing and establishing such a partnership based on the lessons learned in North Carolina.
2017 income estimates ranked by county for standing timber and timber harvest and delivered to the mill. Includes estimate of timberland by county.
This factsheet, part of a series on forestry impacts in North Carolina. offers information specific to Forsyth County.
This factsheet, part of a series on forestry impacts in North Carolina, offers informations specific to Perquimans County.
Estimates of income of North Carolina timber harvested and delivered to mills.
This publication breaks down how the forest sector contributed to the North Carolina economy in 2016, including employment, labor income, and more for North Carolina’s 13 congressional districts
This publication explains the risks involved in selling timber without knowledge of current market conditions and provides guidelines for selling your timber with the assistance of a registered forester.
This publication defines unique biomass and bioenergy terms as they relate to forestry and forest management. These definitions will help you understand commonly used words and phrases that arise in biomass and bioenergy literature and discussions.
This factsheet, part of a series on forestry impacts in North Carolina, offers information specific information on Orange County.
2015 income estimates ranked by county for standing timber and timber harvest and delivered to the mill. Includes estimate of timberland by county.
This publication offers county-level income data of North Carolina timber harvested and delivered to mills.
This factsheet, part of a series on forestry impacts in North Carolina, offers information specific to
This factsheet, part of a series on forestry impacts in North Carolina, offers information specific to Tyrrell County
This factsheet provides an estimate of income derived form standing timber and upon delivery to the mill by county for all 100 counties in North Carolina. It also provides an estimate of timberland in each county.
This factsheet, part of a series on forestry impacts in North Carolina, offers information specific to Mcdowell County.